Hearst Communications Inc

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Hearst Communications is a privately-owned American mass media and business information conglomerate, and is one of the largest media companies in the world, with 360+ businesses in ~150 countries. The company has wholly-owned subsidiaries in China, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain, Taiwan, and the UK; and is headquartered in Manhattan, New York City.

Hearst provides information to the pharmaceutical, finance, automotive, and electronic industries through its subsidiaries: ~50 newspapers; 300+ magazines; television channels; 33 television stations reaching ~19% of USA viewers; cable television networks; and several business-information companies.
Hearst also has interests in global credit ratings agencies; transportation data collection; digital services; real estate operations; and invests in emerging digital entertainment companies.

Founded in 1887 by William Randolph Hearst, his grandson William R Hearst III now chairs the company, which is 100% owned by the Hearst family, managed by a board of trustees. The Hearst family is No.9 on Forbes' America's Richest Families 2016, with ~$28bn.


Locked out of the Castle? Under William Randolph Hearst's will, a board of 13 trustees, composed of 5 family and 8 non-family members, administers the Hearst Foundation, the William Randolph Hearst Foundation, and the trust that owns and selects the 24-member board of the Hearst Corporation, immediate parent of Hearst Communications (which shares the same officers). The foundations shared ownership between them until the tax law changed to prevent this.[wp-62],[wp-63] In 2009, it was estimated to be the largest private company managed by trustees in this way.[wp-64] The trust dissolves when all family members alive at the time of Hearst's death in August 1951 have died.

William Randolph Hearst's will gave 99% of the Hearst Corporation's common stock to two charitable trusts he established to keep the estate out of the hands of the ever-hungry Internal Revenue Bureau.[1]:68 The will remains in effect until the death of all five of Hearst's children and grandchildren living at the time of his death. The nonfamily executives manage the Hearst estate These Hearst executives say responsibility for managing the trust is theirs alone -- to the exclusion of family members the executives say they have near-absolute power to cut out of the will any family member who interferes with the management of the estate.

...reorganization of the company in 1996, The plan put most of the Hearst newspapers and the corporate real estate holdings into a partnership, which pays dividends to the family. But the bulk of the company, including the corporation's television and magazine businesses, was put into a wholly owned subsidiary, which does not pay dividends to the family. ref, org-chart todo


see: link, [link]

Hearst Magazines

Hearst Magazines International encompasses ~300 print editions and 265+ websites in ~35 languages and ~85 countries.ref Hearst Magazines UK, a wholly-owned subsidiary, publishes ~20 magazines in the UK. link
  • AirbnbMag
  • Bicycling
  • Car & Driver
  • Cosmopolitan
  • Country-Living-2010.svg
    Country Living
  • Elle
  • Elle Decor
  • Esquire
  • Food Network Magazine, monthly food entertainment magazine
  • Good Housekeeping
  • Harper’s Bazaar
  • HGTV Magazine
  • House-Beautiful-2018.svg
    House Beautiful
  • Marie Claire
  • Motor Magazine, for auto-service professionals
  • Men's Health
  • O, The Oprah Magazine
  • Popular Mechanics
  • Prevention
  • Redbook
  • Road & Track
  • Runner's World
  • Seventeen, a bimonthly teen magazine
  • The Pioneer Woman Magazine
  • Town & Country
  • Veranda
  • Woman's Day
  • Women's Health
  • International
  • Flag-China.svg
    Beijing Hearst Advertising Company Ltd
  • Flag-China.svg
    Hua Dao
  • Flag-China.svg
    Shanghai Next Idea Advertising Company Ltd
  • Flag-France.svg
    Inter-Edi SA (50%)
  • Flag-Germany.svg
    Burda Hearst Publishing GmbH (50%)
  • Flag-Germany.svg
    Motor Presse Hearst GmbH & Co. KG Verlagsgesellschaft (50%)
  • Flag-Italy.svg
    Hearst Magazines Italia SpA
  • Flag-Japan.svg
    Hearst Fujingaho Company Ltd
  • Flag-Mexico.svg
    Hearst Expansión S de RL de CV (51%)
  • Flag-Mexico.svg
    Televisa México (50%)
  • Flag-Netherlands.svg
    Hearst Magazines Netherlands BV
  • Flag-Russia.svg
    Fashion Press (50%)
  • Flag-Russia.svg
    Hearst Shkulev Media (50%)
  • Flag-Russia.svg
    InterMediaGroup (50%)
  • Flag-Spain.svg
    Hearst España SL
  • Flag-Switzerland.svg
    Hearst Digital SA
  • Flag-Taiwan.svg
    Hearst Magazines Taiwan
  • Flag-UK.svg
    Handbag.com Ltd
  • Flag-UK.svg
    Hearst UK Ltd
  • Flag-UK.svg
    The National Magazine Company Ltd
  • Hearst Magazines UK
  • Best
  • Cosmopolitan
  • Country Living
  • Elle
  • Elle Decoration
  • Esquire
  • Good Housekeeping
  • Harper's Bazaar
  • House Beautiful
  • Inside Soap
  • Men's Health
  • Metropolitan Home
  • Prima
  • Real People
  • Red
  • Runner’s World
  • Town & Country
  • Women’s Health


15 daily; 36 weekly. link
  • The Stamford Advocate
  • Houston Chronicle
  • San Francisco Chronicle
  • Times Union (Albany, New York)

Hearst Health

The Hearst Health Network, a group of medical information and services businesses, was formed to encompass Hearst's healthcare information businesses, providing a consolidated presence across the clinical, pharmacy, home and hospice care, and health insurance markets. Healthcare information has become a chief revenue source for Hearst.ref

Entertainment & Syndication

Networks & Services
  • A&E Networks (including A&E, History, Lifetime TV, LMN & FYI (50%)
  • Canal Cosmopolitan Iberia SL
  • Cosmopolitan Television
  • Canada Company (46%)
  • ESPN Inc (20%)
  • Vice Media (A+E Networks is a 17.8% investor in VICE)
  • Viceland (A+E Networks is a 50.1% investor in VICELAND)
Digital & Content
  • BAMTech, LLC (15% of direct-to-consumer sports business owned by Hearst)
  • Complex Networks (50% owned by Hearst)
  • Hearst Entertainment
  • iflix (< 10%)
  • Kobalt Music (< 10%)
  • NorthSouth Productions (50%)
Newspaper Syndication & Merchandise Licensing
  • Cowles Syndicate
  • King Features Licensing
  • King Features Syndicate
  • North America Syndicate
  • Reed Brennan Media Associates

Business Media

A group of subscription-based, digital trade publications providing business and medical information, and software. Customers include hospitals, drug companies, health plans, money managers, pension funds, jet plane owners, and automotive companies.
  • Business Information: First Databank; Fitch Ratings Inc, a global credit rating agency which provides investment ratings of companies and other financial tools and services.
  • Hearst Television/Television Stations: ~33. KCRA-TV (Sacramento, California); WCVB-TV (Boston); Lifetime;
  • Hearst Entertainment & Syndication/Cable Television Networks: A&E Networks (50%)†; ESPN (20%)†; HISTORY; Lifetime;
    • † In partnership with The Walt Disney Company
    • Lifetime Entertainment Services LLC, owned by A&E Networks
  • Digital & Marketing Services: CDS Global Inc; iCrossing; KUBRA (website, B'berg);
  • Distribution:
  • Newspaper Syndication & Merchandise Licensing: King Features Syndicate Inc; North America Syndicate; Reed Brennan Media Associates
  • Digital Entertainment: Complex Networks;
  • Real Estate Operations: link

Hearst Transportation

  • CAMP Systems International (96%), a provider of software-as-a-service solutions for managing maintenance of jets and helicopters.
  • MOTOR Information Systems, a supplier of automotive repair data in the USA and Canada. Overview
  • Black Book, a family of vehicle pricing guides restricted to dealers and financers; published by National Auto Research Publications Inc. Other products include VIN decoding software, projected residual values, inventory management tools, and lead generation software.
  • Canadian Black Book, provides free car values, new and used car prices, and vehicle listings, based on sales data, auctions, brand equity, and the pricing of similar vehicles across Canada.

Hearst Ventures

Hearst Ventures makes strategic investments in online properties such as [BuzzFeed] and [Pandora], and has a minority stake in entertainment network IGN Entertainment. HearstLab; [HearstHealth Ventures]: the corporate venture arm that invests in startup companies offering health information technology solutions and technology-enabled healthcare services;ref
  • 8i
  • Amino
  • Atzuche
  • BuzzFeed
  • Caavo
  • Cogito
  • Decision Engines
  • DroneBase
  • Drone Racing League
  • Flash Delivery
  • GeoPhy
  • Kujiale
  • LAIX
  • LiveSafe
  • MobiTV
  • otonomo
  • Pixvana
  • PowerToFly
  • Relationship Science
  • Science
  • Sharecare
  • Signal Media
  • Snappy
  • Spartan Race
  • Stylus
  • Systum
  • Tezign
  • The Look
  • Via
  • WideOrbit
  • Wyng
  • Yoka
  • Zcool

Sources: Hearst Properties 2018. Hearst Communications Inc. Original archived



ToDo: Hearst property list 2018, link, link, link, link, link, link, link, link, link, link, link, link, link, link, about Hearst Health, Innovation, CDS Global, CDS Global.co.uk, CDS Solutions Global.com, DDG

  • ?dates?: Integrated Circuits, Today's Office, O at Home, Drugstore.com, iVillage Inc, Sling Media Inc, Brightcove,[2] Prima,ref, Hersam Acorn Newspapers,
  • ?dates?: strategic equity investments in Broadcast.com, Circles, drugstore.com, E Ink Corporation, Exodus Communications, Genealogy.com, Hire.com, Medscape, Mobility Technologies, Netscape, Scene7 and Zip2.ref
  • ?date?: Texas Newspaper Properties, link
  • Feb.2019: Clevver, a pop culture news brand with a 15m YouTube following, was purchased after partner company Defy Media abruptly shut down. Clevver was founded in 2006, then sold to Alloy Digital, which merged with Break Media in 2012 to form Defy.[3]
  • Oct.2018: The Wilton Bulletin.ref, Apr.2020
  • Oct.2018: Rodale Inc and its publications, including Men's Health, Women's Health, Bicycling, Prevention and Runner's World, was acquired from the Rodale family. Rodale’s book publishing division was also acquired. In 1942, JI Rodale founded Organic Farming & Gardening.[4]
  • Feb.2018: Telegraph Media Group Ltd: Hearst UK agreed the acquisition of Be:FIT, the UK's largest fitness and well-being festival for women; Salon QP, a premier luxury watch fair, and QP Magazine, a luxury watch magazine.[5] BeFit.com
  •  ??.2018: bought the 20% of Fitch that it didn't own, giving Hearst complete control over the business and making Fitch its biggest holding.
  •  ??.2018: Added to its newspaper holdings by buying a group of weeklies in Connecticut.
  •  ??.2018: Invested in printing and packaging technology in San Francisco to reduce printing costs at the Chronicle, and to boost capacity to print other newspapers in the region.
  • Jun.2016: Acquired a majority stake in [MedHOK Inc], a provider of software-as-a-service (SaaS) solutions for health plans offered by insurance companies, health systems and companies that administer drug benefits.ref
  • Jan.2014: Hearst Health was formed as an umbrella to encompass the various healthcare information businesses, providing a consolidated presence across the clinical, pharmacy, home and hospice care, and health insurance markets.ref
  • Dec.2013: Homecare Homebase LLC, a provider of software-as-a-service solutions to the homecare and hospice market, was acquired (85%). After completion,the company became part of Hearst’s healthcare group, which included First Databank, Zynx Health and MCG (formerly Milliman Care Guidelines). Homecare Homebase is a privately-held software developer, located in Dallas, Texas. Its suite of products is an automation solution that uses Pocket PCs and wireless internet connectivity to link field clinical staff to the home office using the Point of Care Module. HCHB offers home health agencies a variety of customer websites, including the Physician Website and Family Website that will link their clients to individual home health patients.[6]
  • May.2011: UGO Entertainment (owner of 1UP.com) was sold to IGN Entertainment Inc.ref,ref UGO NetworksWikipedia-W.svg, IGNWikipedia-W.svg, IGN.com

  • Oct.2017: Rodale Inc, an American publisher of health and wellness magazines, books, and digital properties, was acquired. After the sale, Hearst sold Rodale's trade publishing division to Crown Publishing Group, part of Penguin Random House LLC.ref Titles: Men's Health, Prevention, ...
  • Jun.2017: Acquisitions: New Haven Register and associated papers from Digital First Media;[41][42] the Alton, Illinois; the Telegraph; and the Journal-Courier in Jacksonville, Illinois from private equity firm Versa Capital Management LLC's Civitas Media LLC.[43][44]
  • Jun.2017: 21st Century Media Newspaper LLC's print and digital assets were bought from MNG Enterprises Inc, t/a Digital First Media, owned by USA hedge fund vampire Alden Global Capital LLC.[7] Assets acquired included the Fairfield & Westport Minuteman weekly newspapers, along with 3 daily newspapers: New Haven Register, The Middletown Press and The Register Citizen, plus Connecticut magazine and 7 other weekly newspapers.[8]
  • Jan.2017: Pioneer Group, a Michigan-based communications network that circulated print and digital news to local communities across the state, was accquired from its 4th-generation family owners Jack and John Batdorff.[40]
  • Feb.2017: Litton Entertainment: a majority stake was purchased in the American media and production company by Hearst Television.[38][39]
  • Dec.2014: AwesomenessTV Inc: a 25% stake was bought from DreamWorks Animation LLC.[9],[37]
  • Jul.2013: Cosmo Body, a subscription SVOD service, was launched.[9]
  • Dec.2012: Esquire Network was launched in partnership with mass media conglomerate NBCUniversal Media LLC, owned by Comcast Corporation.
  • Mar.2011: Lagardère International Magazine business, comprising 102 publications, was purchased from French multinational media conglomerate Lagardère SCA. The transaction included a Master License Agreement relating to the Elle trademark in the 15 countries affected by the transfer, for which Hearst Corporation will pay an annual recurring royalty payment.[10] Titles included Car & Driver and Road & Track, auto enthusiast magazines; Red; Woman’s Day, a general interest magazine.[11]
  • 2010: iCrossing, a digital marketing agency, was acquired from ??.[wp-35]
  • Jun.2009: Food Network Magazine, a food entertainment magazine, was launched jointly by Hearst Corporation and Scripps Networks Interactive Inc, based on Scripps's television network "Food Network".[12] WebsiteArchive-org-sm.svg
  • 2009: Digital Only: after the Seattle Post-Intelligencer switched to a digital-only format, the Albany Times-Union was the only Hearst paper remaining from the interwar period still owned by the company.
  • 2009: Lifetime Entertainment Services LLC was acquired by A&E Networks, increasing Hearst ownership to 42%.[wp-33],[wp-34]
  • Apr.2008: Map of Medicine, a UK-based provider of evidence-based health-care resources designed to help health practitioners make sound decisions by following accessible clinical information on a range of relevant medical issues, was acquired from B2B media publisher Informa plc, who bought it in 2005.[1] The "Map" is designed to improve patient care and is a vital component of the National Health Service's modernisation program "Connecting for Health". It offers high-quality clinical information visualised in 392 patient pathways via an easy-to-use web application, accessed from anywhere with a web browser. Map of Medicine was a NHS-funded research project begun in 2000 at London's Royal Free Hospital. (more).[13] todo, todo, todo, todo, todo, todo, todo, todo, todo, MapOfMedicine.comArchive-org-sm.svg.
  • Aug.2005: Quick & Simple magazine was launched.[2]
  • Oct.2006: Handbag.com Ltd, a digital publishing group, was bought by The National Magazine Company from Press Holdings, controlled by the Barclay Brothers. The Handbag group publishes 4 female-targeted websites: getlippy.com aimed at 18-24 year old women; allaboutyou.com for 35+ women; gomamatoday.com a specialist pregnancy and birth site; and handbag.com, the core website.[14]

  • 2004: Hearst-Argyle Television purchases WMTW-TV, Portland, Maine.
  • 2004: Hearst Business Media acquired Zynx Health Incorporated, A USA provider of evidence-based clinical content to health care organisations.
  • 2004: Hearst launches SHOP Etc, a shopping magazine about fashion, home and beauty.
  • 2004: Hearst agrees to purchase White Directory Publishers Inc, the 4th-largest yellow-pages publisher in the USA
  • Dec.2003: Cover Concepts, a small company specialising in the distribution of free, sponsored materials to public schools across the USA, was sold to Marvel Entertainment LLC (Marvel Enterprises Inc?), which wanted to extend Marvel's demographic reach amongst public school children.[wp-32]
  • Sept.2003: Town & Country Travel, a spin-off from Town & Country magazine, was launched. TownAndCountryTravelMag.comArchive-org-sm.svg
  • 2003: Seventeen, a bimonthly teen magazine founded in Sept.1944, was purchased from Primedia Magazines Inc. In 2008, Hearst folded CosmoGirl! into Seventeen.[15] Seventeen.comArchive-org-sm.svg
  • May.2002: Veranda magazine, an affluent, upscale interior design title, was acquired from Veranda Publications Inc.[16]
  • Aug.2001: Classic American Home, launched in ??, was closed down.[17]
  • Feb.2001: iVillage Inc acquired Women.com Networks Inc, in which Hearst Corporation had a ~46% stakeholding. After the merger, Hearst Hearst retained ~30% stake in iVillage. Hearst also committed to purchase from iVillage a range of ~$15-$21m in production and advertising services over a 3-year period.[18]
  • 2001: WMUR-TV of Manchester, New Hampshire, was acquired by Hearst-Argyle Television via a swap with Emmis Communications in exchange for its three radio stations in Phoenix, Arizona: KTAR, KMVP, and KKLT.[wp-11]
  • Apr.2000: O, The Oprah Magazine, a joint venture with Oprah Winfrey’s Harpo Entertainment Group, was launched.+++
  • 2000: COMAG Marketing Group LLC, a newsstand distribution and marketing company, Hearst and Condé Nast Publications enter into an agreement to own jointly , .
  • Mar.2000: San Francisco Examiner: to satisfy anti-trust concerns after the San Francisco Chronicle acquisition, Heart's flagship afternoon publication owned since 1880, was sold to ExIn LLC for $100, plus $66m to run the paper. Exin LLC was set up by the politically-connected Fang family,[19] publishers of the San Francisco Independent and the San Mateo Independent.[wp-28]
  • Aug.1999: Hearst Business Media was formed to consolidate operations in business-to-business

media. Units included: First DataBank, a supplier of pharmaceutical and drug interaction information; Zynx Health Inc, a providers of evidence-based clinical content to health care organisations; Diversion, a leisure-time publication for physicians; Electronic Products magazine; and Floor Covering Weekly. The group also included Motor magazine.+++

  • Aug.1999: San Francisco Chronicle, a larger rival, was purchased from the Charles de Young family, owners of the Chronicle Publishing Company.[20]
  • 1999: CosmoGIRL!, a Cosmopolitan spin-off of targeted at teenage girls, became Hearst’s first cross-platform launch, with the magazine and Web site debuting simultaneously. The last issue was published in Dec.2008.+++ CosmoGirl.comArchive-org-sm.svg
  • 1999: Avon Books and William Morrow & Company, the book publishing activities, were sold to HarperCollins, owned by Murdoch's News Corporation.[wp-31]
  • Jan.1998: Medi-Span Inc, an Indianapolis-based provider of integrated drug product information to the health care industry, was acquired.

International markets include Canada, Japan, South Africa and the UK. Medi-Span's clinical drug database is integrated in many retail and hospital pharmaceutical information systems. Founded in 1973. Consolidated into First DataBank.[21]

Medi-Span Inc and Medi-Span International Inc, owned by JB Laughrey Inc, itself wholly-owned by J Bruce Laughrey. Medi-Span's principal business was the production and sale in the USA of integratable drug data files. Medi-Span International Inc also produced and sold different integratable drug data files, in much smaller volume than Medi-Span Inc, for use by non-USA customers.

The Federal Trade Commission alleged that Hearst violated Section 7A of the Clayton Act when, in its requisite pre-merger filing with the antitrust agencies, it illegally omitted several high-level corporate documents prepared to evaluate the Medi-Span acquisition and its competitive effects.[22]

Under the terms of the order, Hearst divested the Medi-Span business to Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Inc, a subsidiary of Dutch/American information services company Wolters Kluwer NV, disgorged $19m in profits, and complied with certain other obligations.[23]

[21] [23] [22] [24]

In Apr.2001, the Federal Trade Commission charged Hearst with violating antitrust laws by creating a monopoly in Jan.1998 when it bought computer database company Medi-Span, Hearst/First DataBank's only major competitor. Medi-Span's drug databases held comprehensive clinical and pricing information on prescription drugs. After Hearst acquired Medi-Span, prices for database access were raised - sometimes doubled. The settlement required Hearst to return $19m to customers who were forced to pay the increased prices for database access. To settle the charges, Hearst agreed to sell Medi-Span to Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Inc, a St. Louis-based publisher of health and drug information owned by Dutch company Wolters Kluwer NV. The govt approved a settlement with Hearst, allowing it to settle federal antitrust charges by selling Medi-Span and returning $19m to customers. In Oct.2001, Hearst agreed to pay $4m in civil penalties to settle related charges that it failed to submit certain corporate documents before it bought Medi-Span, hindering the govt's ability to assess the competitive effects of the acquisition. MediSpan.com (1998)Archive-org-sm.svg MediSpan.com (2004)Archive-org-sm.svg About MediSpan + Facts & ComparisonsArchive-org-sm.svg FirstDataBank.com (2000)Archive-org-sm.svg >> FDBHealth.com (2019)Archive-org-sm.svg HearstCorp.comArchive-org-sm.svg Pics: FirstDataBank, FDBHealth, FDBHealth.com (svg), Hearst (2000), Oprah piclink

https://www.wolterskluwercdi.com/facts-comparisons-online/ http://archive.ajpe.org/aj6701/aj670129/aj670129.pdf Drug Facts & Comparisons. 57th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Facts & Comparisons; 2002: 2461pp, hardcover https://www.amazon.com/Drug-Facts-Comparisons-2016/dp/1574393707 pub by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

  • 1998-2009: Hearst Television Inc, formerly Hearst-Argyle Television, traded on the New York Stock Exchange. Hearst TelevisionWikipedia-W.svg
  • Aug.1997: Hearst-Argyle Television Inc: Hearst purchased WPBF-TV, West Palm Beach from Paxson Communications Corporation, and entered into an agreement with Argyle Television to combine Hearst stations with Argyle stations. Hearst-Argyle Television was a publicly traded company.[25] In Jun.2009, was renamed as "Hearst Television Inc" when Hearst Corporation purchased all stock not held by Hearst and took the company private.[26]
  • Nov.1996: Locomotion, a Latin American pay all-animation television channel, was launched as a 50/50 joint venture with Claxson Interactive Group Inc, a subsidiary of privately-held family-owned Grupo Cisneros.[27] In May.2002, Grupo Cisneros sold its stake to Canada's Corus Entertainment Inc;[28] in Jan.2005, Sony Pictures Entertainment Inc bought Locomotion, closed it down in Jul.2005, and re-launched the channel as "Animax". LocomotionWikipedia-W.svg, WebsiteArchive-org-sm.svg
  • Oct.1996: Hearst Communications Inc was incorporated. OpenCorporates-sm.svg
  • Aug.1996: Multilex, a UK supplier of drug databases for health care professionals, was acquired and consolidated into First DataBank. Its systems are used to process most of the 500m prescriptions written each year under the UK's National Health System.[29] "Multilex" is the umbrella name for Exeter Health Information Services Ltd and its subsidiaries.OpenCorporates-sm.svg

  • 1996: WWWB-TV in Tampa

WMYT-TVWikipedia-W.svg 1996: Hearst acquires WWWB-TV, Tampa, and begins operation of KCWE-TV, Kansas City, under a local marketing agreement.[2]

  • 1995: Houston Post's operating assets were acquired, and consolidated into the Houston Chronicle.[2]
  • 1995: HomeArts.com, an online lifestyle network for women, was launched. HomeArts.comArchive-org-sm.svg
  • 1994: Associated Publishing Company, a publisher of "yellow pages" directories in Texas, was acquired.[2]
  • 1994: Marie Claire USA was launched in partnership with France's Marie Claire Album.[2]
  • 1994: Hearst New Media Center in New York City was opened to create digital products and services, and for employee orientation.+++
  • 1993: Hearst New Media & Technology (?Hearst Interactive Media?) was created to guide the company's growing interests in digital media.[2]
  • 1993: Country Living Gardener magazine was launched.[2]
  • 1993: San Antonio Express-News, one of Texas' largest newspapers, was purchased from Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation. The San Antonio Light, its smaller rival, was subsequently closed.[2] San Antonio Express-NewsWikipedia-W.svg
  • Mar.1992: New England Cable News was launched as a 50/50 joint partnership with Comcast Corporation § Continental Cablevision.[30] In Jun.2009, Hearst sold its stake to Comcast.[31]
  • 1992: SmartMoney, aka The Wall Street Journal Magazine of Personal Business, was launched as a joint venture between Hearst and Dow Jones & Company, targeting affluent professional and managerial business people wanting personal finance information. In 2010, Hearst sold its stake to Dow Jones; in 2013, the magazine was merged into MarketWatch.[2] SmartMoneyWikipedia-W.svg
  • 1991: Hearst Service Center, in Charlotte, North Carolina, was opened. The facility provided various accounting, data processing and other support to all Hearst units.[2]
  • Nov.1990:ESPN Inc: a 20% stake was acquired from RJR Nabisco.[wp-29] The Walt Disney Company had owned the other 80% since 1996. The ESPN investment accounted for ~50% of total Hearst Corporation profits between 1990-2013.[wp-30]
  • Nov.1989: Los Angeles Herald-Examiner, formed in 1962, folded.[wp-24]
  • 1989: Hearst Magazines International was formed after several international magazines commenced operations, to further the company's publishing opportunities worldwide.[2]
  • 1989: Hearst Entertainment & Syndication was formed to encompass cable television activities,syndication companies and other entertainment operations.+++
  • 1989: Hearst Entertainment: Phoenix Entertainment Group, a television production company, was acquired and renamed.[2]
  • May.1987: Houston Chronicle, the largest newspaper in Texas, was bought from from Houston Endowment Inc which, as a non-profit corporation, was required by federal law to divest its controlling interest in the Chronicle.[32]
  • 1987: Cowles and North America syndicates were acquired, and consolidated into King Features Syndicate.[2]
  • 1987: Victoria magazine was launched. Closed down in Apr.2003.[17]
  • 1986: Baltimore News-American, formed in 1964, was closed after a failed attempt to reach a JOA with the AS Abell Company, which had published the Baltimore Sun for 213 years since its founding in 1837.
  • 1986: Esquire, a men's magazine, and Boston's WCVB-TV were acquired.[2]
  • Sept.1984: Diversion Communications was acquired. Major titles were Diversion, a monthly publication to help physicians plan their free time, and The Travel Planner.[33]
  • Feb.1984: Lifetime Television cable channel was established as the result of a merger of Hearst/ABC's Daytime cable television service and Viacom's Cable Health Network.[34] Hearst Corporation, the American Broadcasting Companies and Viacom International Inc all held an equity interest through their respective operations.[35]
  • Feb.1984: Arts & Entertainment Network (A&E), a cultural cable channel, was formed by the merger of Hearst/ABC's Alpha Repertory Television Service (ARTS) and RCA's Entertainment Channel, a pay-cable experiment.[36] The various owners retained stakes in the new company; thus A&E's shareholders were Hearst + ABC (ARTS) and Rockefeller Group/Radio City Music Hall, and RCA/NBC/Entertainment Channel).[37] In Jun.1993, ABC, NBC and Hearst Corporation bought out Radio City Music Hall's 12.5%, with ABC+Hearst raising their shareholdings to 37.5%, and NBC's to 25%.[38]
  • 1984: Laredo Morning Times, a Texas newspaper founded in 1881, and the Beaumont Enterprise were acquired.+++
  • 1982: Boston Herald American was sold to Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation,[wp-27] which renamed it as The Boston Herald.[wp-28]
  • 1982: Communications Data Services, a magazine subscription-fulfillment company; KMBC-TV in Kansas City; and Redbook, a magazine for young working mothers, were acquired.[2]
  • 1981: William Morrow & Company, another publishing house, was acquired.[wp-25][26]
  • 1980: United Technical Publications was acquired. The transaction included Floor Covering Weekly and National Auto Research Publications Inc; Eastern News Distributors, a magazine distribution company; and First DataBank Inc, a global provider of point-of-care medical knowledge databases.+++
  • 1980: Hearst Entertainment Inc was founded. Hearst Entertainment Inc.
  • 1979: Midland Reporter-Telegram, located in the Permian Basin of West Texas, was acquired.ref
  • 1978: Country Living magazine was launched.[2]
  • 1978: Arbor House was acquired, being Heart's first move into hardcover publishing.[wp-25][26]
  • 1972: Boston Herald American was formed from the merger of the Record-American & Advertiser with the Herald-Traveler.
  • 1966: Joint Operating Agreements: the Journal-American reached another JOA with two landmark New York City papers: the New York Herald Tribune and EW Scripps-Howard's World-Telegram and Sun to form the New York World Journal Tribune, which collapsed shortly afterwards.
  • 1965:

  • 1965: Joint Operating Agreements: the first was made with the DeYoung family, proprietors of the afternoon San Francisco Chronicle, which began to produce a joint Sunday edition with the Examiner. In turn, the Examiner became an evening publication, absorbing the News-Call-Bulletin.[20]
  • 1964: Baltimore News-American was formed from the Baltimore News-Post.
  • 1962: Los Angeles Herald-Examiner, an evening paper, was formed from the merged of two Los Angeles papers, the morning Examiner and the afternoon Herald-Express.[39] The merger led to many journalists being fired. In 1967, they began a 10-year strike, which accelerated the demise of the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner, which finally ceased publication in Nov.1989.[24]
  • 1962: Milwaukee Sentinel was sold to the Milwaukee Journal after a lengthy strike.
  • 1961: Record-American was formed by the merger of the Boston Record and the Evening American.
  • 1960: Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph was sold to the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, and the Detroit Times sold to The Detroit News.
  • 1959: Avon Books, a paperback book publisher, was acquired.[23]

  • 1959: ?? EW Scripps-Howard's San Francisco News merged with Hearst's afternoon San Francisco Call-Bulletin.
  • May.1958: United Press International, an international news agency, was formed from the merger of the International News Service (est. 1909) with rival EW Scripps' United Press (est. 1907), [40][41] as a response to the growth of the Associated Press and Reuters. The American Newspaper Guild asked the Department of Justice to investigate whether the merger included another agreement to eliminate competition in two markets, similar to the 1937 Hearst/Gannett deal.[42]
  • 1958: WTAE-TV was launched in Pittsburgh.[2]
  • 1958: Popular Mechanics a men's service magazine, was acquired.[2]
  • 1956: Chicago American, bought in 1900, was sold to the Chicago Tribune's owners.[43]
  • 1955: WISN-TV in Milwaukee was acquired.[2]
  • 1953: Sports Afield magazine was purchased by Hearst Magazines; sold in 1999 to Robert E PetersenWikipedia-W.svg, who sold it in 2002 to the owners of Safari Press.
  • 1946-1954: McCarthyism: the hysterical and rabid Senator Joseph McCarthyWikipedia-W.svg slung accusations of CommunismWikipedia-W.svg left, right and centre, with the Hearst press headlines reading "Go To It, Joe!" and "McCarthy Flays Senate Probers." William Randolph Hearst and his newspapers were in the forefront of the anti-Communist crusade. The enthusiasm of the Hearst press was at its peak during the 1952 elections.[44] Hearst reporters, posing as students, set out to entrap un-American university professors, unleashing a 20-year witch hunt in every city with a Hearst newspaper.[45]
  • 1948: WBAL-TV in Baltimore, one of the first television stations in the USA, was acquired.[2]
  • 1947: Hearst produced an early television newscast for the DuMont Television Network: INS Telenews.
  • 1945: After the war, however, both television news and suburbs experienced an explosive growth; thus, evening papers were more affected than those published in the morning, whose circulation remained stable while their afternoon counterparts' sales plummeted.
  • 1941: Hearst Corporation was established.[1]:40
  • 1939: Atlanta Georgian, purchased in 1912, was sold to Cox Newspapers, which merged it with the Atlanta Journal.
  • 1939: Milwaukee Sentinel was bought from Paul Block, absorbing his afternoon Wisconsin News (acquired in 1919) into the morning publication. Block had bought the paper from the Pfisters in 1929.
  • 1939: Washington Times and Herald were sold to Eleanor Patterson, of the McCormick-Patterson family that owned the Chicago Tribune. Prior to the sale, both newspapers had been leased to Eleanor Patterson; post-sale, she merged them to form the Washington Times-Herald.
  • 1939: Chicago Herald-American: declining sales during the Great Depression led to a merger of the Chicago Herald-Examiner and the evening Chicago American. The name later reverted to the "Chicago American".[43]
  • 1937: New York Journal-American: combined the New York Evening Journal and the morning American. The Omaha Daily Bee was sold to the World-Herald.
  • 1936/1937: Having spent his mother's fortune by 1932, Hearst then proceeded to bleed his papers dry, as well as borrowing huge sums to provide growth capital and personal wealth. In Jun.1937, a consortium of 17 banks stepped in and imposted a trustee.[wp-22] Over the next two years, 7 radio stations, 6 newspapers, film production, and the Universal News Service were closed or disposed of. Overall, Hearst's empire was reduced by ~40%, and he did not regain control for 8 years.[1]:43
  • 1934: House Beautiful was acquired.[2]
  • 1934: Baltimore Post was acquired.
  • 1934: Pictorial Review, a popular women's publication, was acquired. It failed to make money, and was closed in 1939.[46]:209
  • 1933: Hearst Consolidated shares were marketed as a "Depression-proof investment".[1]:43
  • 1931: Cosmopolitan Book Corporation, the book publishing division, was sold to Farrar & Rinehart.[47]
  • 1931: Los Angeles Express was acquired.
  • Sept.1929: Hearst Metrotone News was renamed and relaunched as a joint venture between Hearst and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.[wp-21] The newsreels had been produced since Jan.1919 as Hearst Newsreel (in partnership with Pathé News), then International Newsreel, then MGM News.
  • 1929: San Francisco Bulletin was acquired.
  • 1928: WISN-AM, the first of many radio stations, was acquired.[2]
  • 1928: Omaha News was acquired.
  • 1927: Omaha Bee was acquired.
  • 1926: Pittsburgh Sun-Telegram was acquired.
  • 1926: McClure's, which was nearly bankrupt, was acquired and transformed into a romance magazine.[46]:208
  • Mar.1925: HI-Cosmopolitan: Hearst's International magazine was not doing well, and was merged with Cosmopolitan. The unhappy merger, which caused circulation to stagnate, took place as a result of William Hearst's refusal to allow his namesake magazine to die.[46]:191
  • 1925: Syracuse Journal and Town & Country magazine were acquired.[2]
  • 1924: Periodical Publishers Service Bureau Inc was purchased by the Hearst Corporation.ref In 2012, Periodical Publishers Service Bureau Inc was sold to Subco Inc, a subsidiary of Subdirect LLC, a magazine clearing house and fulfillment centre.[48]
  • 1924: New York Mirror was acquired to enter the tabloid market in New York City, competing with the New York Daily News.[wp-19]
  • 1924: San Antonio TX Light, the Albany Times Union, and the Milwaukee Sentinel were acquired.[20]
  • 1923: Baltimore News and the Fort Worth Record were acquired.
  • 1922: Los Angeles Herald, Washington (DC) Herald, Oakland Post-Enquirer, the Rochester Post-Express, the Syracuse NY Telegram and the Rochester Journal-American joined the stable.
  • 1921: Detroit Times, the Boston Record, and the Seattle Post-Intelligencer were acquired.[20]
  • early.1920s: Cosmopolitan Pictures was established to distribute films under the newly-created Metro Goldwyn Mayer.[20]
  • 1920s: Radio: Hearst began acquiring radio stations to complement his papers.[49]
  • 1919: Wisconsin News (Milwaukee) was acquired.
  • 1919: Cosmopolitan Book Corporation: Hearst's International Library, the book publishing division, was renamed.[47]
  • 1918: Chicago Herald was purchased, and merged with the morning Chicago Examiner to form the Chicago Herald-Examiner.[43]
  • 1917: Boston Daily Advertiser and the Washington Times (DC) were purchased.
  • 1915: King Features Syndicate was formed to consolidate the company's comic syndication operations.[2]
  • 1915: International Film Service, one of the earliest animation studios, was formed when Hearst began producing film features.[27] The studio initially turned Hearst newspaper strip cartoon characters into film characters.[50]
  • Jun.1914: Pall Mall Magazine, a British monthly general interest magazine, was acquired by the National Magazine Company from Iliffe & Sons Ltd.[51] The magazine was merged one month later with Nash's Magazine, to become Nash's Pall Mall Magazine. In May.1927 the two were again published separately, but re-merged in Oct.1929. Both finally ceased publication in Oct.1937. The Pall Mall Magazine was founded by William Waldorf Astor as an offshoot of The Pall Mall Gazette in May.1893; sold in Dec.1912 to Iliffe & Sons.[52]
  • 1913: San Francisco Morning Call and the San Francisco Post were purchased.
  • 1913: Hearst's International Library Company was formed to enter the book publishing business.[47] Later that year, the firm was renamed to "Cosmopolitan Book Corporation".[53]
  • Spring.1912: Atlanta Daily Georgian was purchased from its founder, Fred Loring Seely.[54]
  • 1912: Harper's Bazaar, a monthly fashion magazine aimed at affluent women launched in Nov.1867, was acquired from Harper & Brothers.[2]
  • 1912: Motor Boating & Sailing was acquired. The magazine began in 1907 as "Motor Boating Magazine"; renamed in Oct.1970 as "Motor Boating & Sailing"; renamed in Aug.2000 as "MotorBoating". Publication ceased in Sept.2011. MotorBoating.comArchive-org-sm.svg
  • 1911: Good Housekeeping, a "traditional" woman's magazine, was acquired from the Phelps Publishing Company.[55] In 1922, British Good Housekeeping was launched, a British edition along the same lines.[56]
  • 1911: Hearst's International: "World To-Day", a middling monthly magazine, was acquired to attack politicians against whom Hearst waged war, namely Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and William Jennings Bryan. He renamed it "Hearst's magazine" in Apr.1912, shortened it to "Hearst's in Jun.1914, and finally entitled it as "Hearst's International" in May.1922.[46]:169

[57] Hearst's Magazine logo: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=iau.31858029374596&view=1up&seq=11 Hearst's International logos: Jun.1921, Aug.1921(?), Aug.1921, Oct.1921 (best),

non-occluded b/w

Harper's Bazar 1921, b/w Good Housekeeping Jul.1910, Good Housekeeping Jan.1911,

Kellogg's, 1912 Van Camp, 1912

  • 1910: National Magazine Company Ltd, one of the UK's leading magazine publishers, was established.[2]
  • 1909: International News Service, a news agency, was launched two years after rival EW Scripps combined three smaller syndicates under his control into United Press Associations in Jun.1907.[58]

[59] ref

  • 1908/1910: Nash's Magazine was launched/acquired (?)
  • May.1905: Cosmopolitan, a popular fiction, family-oriented monthly magazine, was acquired from John Brisben Walker, who had rescued the magazine from an uncertain future in Dec.1889.[46][55] May.1906 logo on page 138.
  • ?date?: International Magazine Company was established. Renamed as "Hearst Magazines" in fixme.[46]
  • 1904: Boston American and Los Angeles Examiner were acquired.[39]
  • 1903: The Motor magazine was launched, the first title in the company's magazine division.[20] In ?date?, it was renamed to "Motor Magazine".
  • 1902: Chicago Examiner, a morning edition of the Chicago American, was established.[43]
  • 1900: Chicago American, an evening paper, was established to enter the Chicago market.[43]
  • 1898: Spanish–American War: yellow journals like Hearst's New York Journal and Joseph Pulitzer's New York World relied on sensationalist headlines to sell newspapers. A war with Cuba would only sell papers, but also earn Hearst national prominence, and he instructed his journalists and editors accordingly, much like Rupert Murdoch's antics of today.[60]
  • 1897: New York Morning Advertiser was acquired.
  • 1896: New York Evening Journal was acquired.
  • 1895: New York Journal was acquired - on condition that William Hearst give up his companion, Tessie Powers, a waitress he'd met in Cambridge and lived with for nearly a decade.[45]
  • 1894: New York Morning Journal was acquired.
  • 1887: William Randolph Hearst commenced on a spree of buying and launching newspapers.
  • Mar.1887: William Randolph Hearst, freshly booted out of Harvard, persuaded his father to turn the San Francisco Daily Examiner over to him,[45] embarking on a profitable career based on fact-free yellow journalismWikipedia-W.svg, promoting xenophobia and prejudice where they furthered his politican ambitions, and opposing any policy that might negatively impact his personal wealth accumulation project.[61]
  • 1886: USA Senator: George Hurst used the Examiner to buy himself a US Senate seat from California.[61]
  • 1880: San Francisco Daily Examiner was acquired by George Hearst, a mining speculator,[39] as payment for a gambling debt.
  • Needing a public forum to further his political ambition, Hearst entered the

newspaper business in 1880, acquiring the San Francisco Daily Examiner. When he achieved his political goal 7 years later, he turned the Examiner over to his son, William Randolph Hearst.

  • Like other business titans, Hearst made large contributions to political parties

and ultimately sought public office. In 1865 California’s pro-South element elected him to the state legislature. He served one term and cast the only vote against ratification of the 13th Amendment. He then devoted himself to business activities until 1882, when he sought the Democratic gubernatorial nomination and was narrowly defeated.

  • By the early 1870s the firm of Hearst, Haggin, Tevis and Company was becoming

the single largest firm of private mine owners in the nation. However, Hearst suffered severe reversals in the depression of 1873. Yet, at the very moment when his fortune seemed on the wane, he invested in what became the two most profitable mining ventures of his career: the Homestake gold mine in the Black Hills of South Dakota and the Anaconda copper prospect in Montana.

  • Returning to

mining, he at last struck a paying prospect--the Lecompton mine--in Nevada City. In 1859 he joined the rush to the Washoe Valley of Nevada. In partnership with James Haggin and Lloyd Tevis, Hearst became owner of several of the most promising mines on the Comstock Lode. Hearst continually expanded his holdings and also acquired mining properties in Utah, Nevada, and California, and also in Peru, Chile, and Mexico.

  • ?date?: For a time Hearst operated a general store in Nevada City, Calif., but an attempt

to establish a branch in Sacramento proved financially disastrous.

  • 1850: George Hearst went to the California goldfields but found little gold.[2]

Additional Sources: William Randolph Hearst (1863-1951). Magazines: American Architect; American Druggist; Connoisseur; Cosmopolitan; Good Housekeeping (UK); Home & Field; Nash's Magazine (England); Orchard and Farm; The World Today. Hearst Castle. Original archived on Apr.22.2009.
ToDo: {{{1}}}


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