ITV plc

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ITV is a London, UK-based media company. It holds 13 of the 15 regional television licences that make up the ITV network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the UK. The ITV network has vied with BBC One for the status of the UK's most watched channel since the 1950s (a crown it lost in 2005).

ITV's activity is organized into:

  • 62.2%: Operation of TV channels. The group also develops sales of advertising spaces on cinema screens, publishing and distribution of educational books, sub-titling services activities, etc.;
  • 37.8%: Production and distribution of TV programs: Granada (British No.1): series, serials, films, documentaries, etc. The group also markets audiovisual rights.



Total float: 89.1%
Source: MarketScreener.svg, Apr.2020


ToDo: CH, link, link

ITV plc

  • 2017: Acquisitions, p.160
  • Feb.2016: UTV Ltd, a commercial boardcaster in Northern Ireland, was acquired.ref UTV, together with its 100% subsidiary UTV Ireland Ltd, owned the TV assets of UTV Media plc.AR-Dec.2017, p.149
  • 2016: 5 acquisitions: AR-Dec.2017, p.148
  • 2011: Acquired Channel Television from Yattendon Group plc.
  • 2009: Acquired the remaining 25% of the Breakfast franchise holder, GMTV, from The Walt Disney Company.ref
  • Feb.2004: ITV plc began trading on the London Stock Exchange.
  • Feb.2004: ITV plc: Granada plc took over Carlton Communications. Granada acquired a 68% controlling interest in ITV plc, with Carlton holding the remaining 32%.[1]

ITV plc took full control of GSB, and closed down Granada Plus in favour of ITV3.

Granada plc

Granada owned seven ITV companies: Granada TV, London Weekend TV, Yorkshire TV, Tyne Tees TV, Meridian Broadcasting, Anglia TV and Border TV. It also owned the ITV Digital Channels Ltd pay-TV business, with two channels, Men & Motors and Granada Plus. Granada also owned a 50% share in ITV2 and the ITV News Channel; a 20% share of Independent Television News; and 45% of TV3 (Ireland).
  • Feb.2004: Granada plc took over Carlton Communications, with Granada holding a 68% controlling interest, and Carlton retaining 32%.ref
  • May.1991: Bingo Halls: the chain of 74 bingo clubs was sold to Bass plc, which combined them with the Coral chain.[1]
  • 1960s: Bingo Halls: bingo became very popular, and Granada turned some of the cinemas into bingo halls.

Granada Media Group plc

  • 2001: Border Television was acquired from Capital Radio plc.[2][3]
  • 2000: Meridian Broadcasting and Anglia Television, United News & Media's television interests, were acquired.[2] Granada was forced to sell the HTV broadcasting business (to Carlton) for competition reasons, although it held onto HTV's network production business.

Granada Ltd

  • 1997: Yorkshire-Tyne Tees Television plc was acquired, forming Granada Media Group plc.[4]
  • 1994: London Weekend Television was acquired.[5]
  • 1991: Granada Theatres Ltd was sold to Bass plc.
  • 1983: Hart-Davis, MacGibbon was sold to William Collins, Sons of Glasgow.[6]
  • 1980s: British Satellite Broadcasting satellite television company:
    • Mar.1990: went on air
    • Nov.1990: merged with Sky Television plc, to form British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB), in which Granada had a minority shareholding.
  • 1972: Hart-Davis, MacGibbon (Granada Publishing Ltd) was formed as a holdco for Granada's publishing concerns. Imprints included Panther Books, Paladin Books,[7] Grafton (est.~1981), and Mayflower.["British firms unite to launch mass PB venture", Publishers Weekly, Vol.209, Part 2; p.19]
  • 1968: MacGibbon & Kee, a publishing business, was acquired. The firm was founded by James MacGibbon and Robert Kee.[8][9]
  • 1964: Motorway Service Areas: the first was opened, growing into a chain across the British motorway network.
  • 1963: Rupert Hart-Davis, a publishing concern, was acquired.
  • 196?: Leckie and Leckie, publishers.
  • 1959: Red Arrow TV Rental, a chain of high street television rental shops, was established.
  • 1954: North of England ITV franchise was won, broadcasting as Granada Television.[10]
  • 1935: Granada was listed on the London Stock Exchange.[11]
  • 1934: Granada Ltd: The company was incorporated, with Granada Theatres Ltd becoming a subsidiary.[12]
  • 1930: Granada Theatres Ltd, a cinema company, was founded in Dover by Sidney Bernstein.

Carlton Communications

  • Feb.2004: Granada plc took over Carlton Communications.[13] The Granada brand remained in Granada Television and Granada Productions, whereas the Carlton franchises dropped the Carlton name for local programming from the day of the merger.[14]
  • 2002: ITV Digital (the renamed ONdigital) collapsed.[15]
  • 2001: Technicolor was sold to Thomson Multimedia.[16]
  • 1999: Technicolor continued expansion with the acquisitions of wholly-owned businesses in Canada and Australia, and started the development of digital cinema within two years.
  • ... ...
  • Jul.1983: Moving Picture Company was acquired by Carlton.
  • ?date?: IVC UK Ltd, the UK arm of California-based International Video Corporation, was acquired by Carlton (?%) and the Moving Picture Company (?%), Europe's largest video facilities provider.
  • 1983: Carlton Communications: the name was changed when the company went public.
  • 1982: Transvideo was acquired, renamed as "Carlton Television Studios".
  • 1967: Tangent Industries, a printing and photo-processing company, was established by Michael Green with his brother-in-law and his father-in-law (the future Lord Wolfson).

Radio Rentals

  • Apr.2000: Boxclever was formed by the merger of Granada Rentals Ltd with Radio Rentals. The company still trades as Radio Rentals in Australia.[17][18]
  • 1980: Thorn Television Rentals and thus Radio Rentals became part of the merged Thorn EMI.
  • 1968: Radio Rentals was acquired by Thorn Electrical Industries, and joined with Thorn's DER chain (est.1938) as part of Thorn Television Rentals, although the two companies were run completely separately with different staff and vehicles etc.
  • Jul.1964: merged with RentaSet, Joseph Robinson's similarly formed company.[19]
  • Later moved into televisions and ultimately video recorders.
  • 1930: Radio Rentals was formed by Percy Perring-Thoms in Brighton, Sussex, UK to rent out radio sets.


  1. ^ Bass reshuffling its gambling interests. David Churchill, The Financial Times, May.11.1991.