- 1 DowDuPont
- 2 Corteva Agriscience
- 3 Dow Materials Science
- 4 DuPont Speciality Products
- 5 Chemours - DuPont's Performance Materials
- 6 EI du Pont de Nemours & Company
- 7 Dow Chemical Company
- 8 References
In Dec.2015, Dow Chemical Company and Du Pont de Nemours Inc announced a merger, under which the two companies would combine in an all-stock merger of equals transaction. The merger was completed in Aug.2017, and both Dow and DuPont became subsidiaries of DowDuPont Inc.
The new company DowDuPont will eventually be split into 3 publicly-traded companies, each with a particular focus:
Chemours Company Inc: in 2013, facing ongoing litigation over its inexcusable environmental pollution since 1954, DuPont spun off its "Performance Chemical" division (Titanium dioxide, Fluoroproducts, and Industrial chemicals), together with all associated liabilities, as the Chemours Company Inc. Chemours began operations as an independent company in Jul.215, and indemnified DuPont for the majority of its environmental liabilities.ref, p.2 Chemours was set up for bankruptcy, with $4 bn in debt and unsustainable dividends.
With the Dow merger in view, and concerned that a court might too easily transfer the environmental liabilities right back to DuPont, Chemours was propped up by DuPont prepaying $190m for goods, while Dow Chemical bought the aniline business for $140m - corporate CPR, if you will.
It is clear that the entire purpose of the spinoff was for DuPont to get rid of its environmental liabilities, which promise fair to continue for years to come. Post-merger with Dow, the plan is to create 3 separate companies - a legally impenetrable black hole, leaving small Chemours as the fall guy. If the Courts have any morals and/or sense of responsibility, they will not allow this planned escape to succeed.ref, ref.
- Nov.2017: Health & Nutrition business purchased from FMC Corporation, except for the Omega-3 business. In return, DowDuPont divested to FMC of a portion of DuPont’s Crop Protection business. The acquisition was integrated into DuPont Nutrition & Health. DuPont also completed the divestiture of its Cereal Broadleaf Herbicides and Chewing Insecticides portfolio to FMC. The divestments satisfies DuPont’s commitments in connection with regulatory clearance of the merger with Dow.
- Sept.2017: DowDuPont restructure: https://www.seedquest.com/news.php?type=news&id_article=91426&id_region=&id_category=&id_crop=
- Aug.2017: DowDuPont: Dow Chemical Company and EI du Pont de Nemours & Company merged, creating the the largest agricultural pure play company in the country. The combined entity is operating as a holding company under the name "DowDuPont" with three divisions: Agriculture, Materials Science, and Specialty Products.
http://www.corteva.com After Pioneer was spun out of DowDuPont in Jun.2019, Pioneer became Corteva. Corteva Agriscience encompassed DuPont Pioneer, DuPont Crop Protection and Dow AgroSciences LLC after it becomes a standalone company.ref
DuPont Pioneer is a developer and supplier of plant genetics; it combines conventional plant breeding with biotechnology and emerging areas of science. Pioneer sells corn, soybeans, sorghum, sunflower, alfalfa, canola, wheat, rice, cotton, pearl millet and mustard seed, as well as forage additives and a variety of services and expertise. In the UK and Ireland, the core products are forage maize, silage additives and oilseed rape. ref, ref, ref
- Jun.2020: PhytoGen Seed Company LLC: Corteva Inc announced an agreement with JG Boswell Company to purchase its ownership interest in PhytoGen Seed Company LLC, a joint venture between the two companies. PhytoGen Seed Company LLC was formed to focus on the USA cottonseed industry. With a 53.5% stake prior to the agreement, Corteva operated the joint venture in the USA market through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Mycogen LLC. phytogenyields.com/history, , boswelltomatoes.com
- Mar.2019: MoU with China: Corteva Agriscience signed an Memorandum of Understanding with the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, outlining principles for collaboration in areas including partnership in technology development, advancing best applications in the field, elevating agronomy skills and building a model for sustainable development in rural areas.
- Mar.2019: Royal Barenbrug Group agreed to acquire Corteva Agriscience’s minority share in Barenbrug Holding BV, set up in collaboration in Jun.2012. Barenbrug will acquire Corteva Agriscience’s Brachiaria tropical grass seed business developed with Barenbrug Holding BV.
- May.2018: Seed Consultants Inc expanded its regional presence, becoming the Eastern Corn Belt regional brand for Corteva Agriscience. Seed Consultants Inc, based in Washington C.H., Ohio, specialises in corn, soybeans, wheat and alfalfa specially developed and tested for the unique soil types and growing conditions of the Eastern Corn Belt. seedconsultants.com
- Feb.2018: Corteva Agriscience: DowDuPont's Agriculture Division announced the name of the intended company once it is spun-off, expected to happen by Jun.2019. Corteva Agriscience brings together DuPont Crop Protection, DuPont Pioneer and Dow AgroSciences to create a standalone agriculture company. The name is derived from a combination of words meaning "heart" and "nature". Corteva will go to market through five regional corn and soybean seed brands in the USA, including Dairyland Seed, Hoegemeyer, NuTech, Seed Consultants and Terral. Brodbeck, Curry, Doebler’s, Pfister and Prairie Brand will be combined with the five regional seed brands. Pioneer will remain the company’s global flagship seed brand. The U.S. retail channel will be served primarily by Mycogen and Terral. The company will maintain the AgVenture network of regional seed companies and will continue to sell cotton seed through its Phytogen brand, and alfalfa through Alforex.
- 1999: DuPont de Nemours acquired Pioneer.
- early.1990's: Pioneer was the clear industry leader with a seed corn market share of over 40%.ref
- 1973: Pioneer floated.
- 1971: Renamed to "Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc".
- 1926: The "Hi-Bred Corn Company" was formed.
DuPont Crop Protection is focused on disease, weed and insect control.ref
Dow AgroSciences LLC specialises in agricultural chemicals, eg. pesticides and herbicides, and also seeds and biotechnology.ref. was founded in the 1950s as the agricultural unit of the Dow Chemical Company. In Oct.1989, Dow entered into a joint venture with Eli Lilly and Company's Elanco Plant Sciences business, resulting in the formation of DowElanco. In 1997, Dow acquired 100% ownership of the business and renamed it as Dow AgroSciences.ref Dow Ag, Dow Ag About, Dow Ag UK, Dow Ag UK Products, Dow AgroSciences,
Dow Materials Science
Dow Packaging Plastics: Acrylics, bio-based plasticizers, elastomers, ethylene copolymer resins, ethylene propylene diene monomer elastomers (“EPDMs”), ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer, methacrylic acid copolymer resins, polyethylene, high-density polyethylene, low-density polyethylene, linear low-density polyethylene, polyolefin plastomers, resin additives and modifiers, semiconductive and jacketing compound solutions and wire and cable insulation. https://www.dow.com/en-us/markets-and-solutions/consumer ref], ref
Dow Electronic Materials: 95% of smart devices on the market are manufactured using Dow innovations. ref
Dow Chemicals: ref
Dow Infrastructure creates a wide range of products for infrastructure markets. ref
Dow Consumer Solutions provides standalone silicone and acrylic-based materials that are used in a wide range of applications including adhesion promoters, coupling agents, crosslinking agents, dispersing agents and surface modifiers; and uses innovative, versatile silicone-based technology to provide solutions and ingredients to customers in personal care, consumer goods, silicone elastomers and the pressure sensitive adhesive industry. ref, ref
Performance Polymer Materials provides an extensive mix of plastics, elastomers, renewably sourced polymers, filaments and high-performance parts and shapes to customers in aerospace, automotive, consumer, electrical, electronic, industrial, sporting goods and other diversified industries. ref
- Plastics, Polymers & Resins
- Surlyn Ionomers
- Elvaloy Modifiers
- Packaging Resins
- Polymer Additives & Modifiers
DuPont Speciality Products
DowDuPont intend to separate the Specialty Products Division, which will be called DuPont, into an independent, publicly traded company.
- Animal Nutrition
- Clean Technologies
- Food and Beverages
- Fabric & Home Care
- Microbial Control
- Personal Care
- Textile Processing
DuPont Protection Solutions offers a wide range of proven, science-based offerings. ref
DuPont Nutrition & Health. Branded as Danisco, we offer a range of ingredients to the Food industry, Pet Food and the Dietary Supplement industry. ref, http://www.danisco.com/food-beverages/, http://www.danisco.com/product-range/. Ye gods, this is an emormous list of total crap to add to food.
Electronics & Imaging: Dow Electronic Materials and DuPont Electronics & Communications have combined their portfolios to create the new Electronics & Imaging business, with an expanded line of technologies for the semiconductor, circuit board, industrial, photovoltaic, display, and digital and flexographic printing industries. ref, ref
DuPont Sustainable Solutions provides consulting services and process technologies improve the productivity, safety, environmental value and ultimately, the profitability, of your company. ref
- DuPont Sustainable Solutions
- Operational Risk Management
- Sustainable Operations
- Learning and Development
- Clean Technologies
Chemours - DuPont's Performance Materials
- https://www.chemours.com/, https://investors.chemours.com/investors-home/default.aspx, Annual Report 2017
Chemours is a portmanteau of the words "chemistry" and "Nemours" (a reference to DuPont’s full name, E. I. du Pont de Nemours)
In the UK, Chemours UK Ltd, https://beta.companieshouse.gov.uk/company/10226223
- Chemours Company Inc
- Chemours NL Holidng 5 BV, Netherlands reg.
- Chemours UK Ltd
- Chemours NL Holidng 5 BV, Netherlands reg.
Toxic drinking water pic, https://openclipart.org/detail/170052/water-pollution
What is indisputable is that PFOA and PFOS are part of a group of man-made chemicals that have been tied to a range of health effects, from obesity in children to reproductive problems and cancers. Used to make Teflon, stain- and water-resistant coatings, cosmetics, and hundreds of other products, PFCs (perfluorinated chemicals) persist in the environment and are easily absorbed by the human body. Both PFOS (perfluorononanoic acid) and PFOA (perfluorooctanoic acid), the best studied of these chemicals, have been shown to be "endocrine disruptors", tiny amounts of which can interfere with the hormonal system.ref
- undated: PFAS Water Contamination In the past few years, millions of families across the country learned that the water coming out of their faucets was contaminated with chemicals linked to cancer, kidney disease, and more. Toxics Action Center.
- Aug.01.2018: PFAS: Putting the genie back in the bottle. As the EPA moves to curb the detrimental effects of PFAS, remediation is likely to become one of the most significant environmental management issues in the coming years. Polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been dispersed around the world because of their use in thousands of industrial, food and textile applications. Manufacturers using PFAS have contaminated soil, groundwater and surface water as a result of their processes. Rich Thompson, Waste Dive.
- Mar.28.2018: Filmmakers Seek Help In Sounding Alarm Over Toxic PFAS In Drinking Water, To Show Small Communities How To Overcome Obstacles to Fixing The Problem. Two Michigan independent filmmakers are seeking help in funding a documentary called Bad Water. Small Town. Deaf Ears. that will expose the widespread threat to health caused by a class of unregulated, toxic chemicals used to make a wide range of non-stick and stain-resistant products. ... PFAS, are in the bloodstream of 98 percent of all Americans. Escellent pic of how chemicals move from packaging into the ecosystem. Mike Brennan, MI Tech News.
- Mar.01.2018: Wells Test Positive for Emerging Compounds. Drinking water samples from 26 private wells ... have detectable levels of man-made compounds described as emerging contaminants. Mark Hibbs, Coastal Review Online.
- Aug.12.2015: The Teflon Toxin. Over the past 15 years, as lawyers have been waging an epic legal battle, the story of DuPont’s long involvement with C8 has come to light. C8 is in the blood of 99.7% of Americans, the environment, the seas, and wildlife. Removing the chemical from all the bodies of water and bloodstreams it pollutes is now impossible. C8 is expected to remain on the planet well after humans are gone from it. Eight companies are responsible: DuPont, Sharon Lerner, The Intercept.
- See also FAQ’S about Teflon and PFOA exposure, https://www.nationalinjuryhelp.com/faqs-teflon-exposure/
- Excellent timeline here, https://theintercept.com/2015/08/20/teflon-toxin-dupont-slipped-past-epa/
- Levels of GenX in river loads higher than C-8 + EPA permitted this, more lawsuits, https://theintercept.com/2017/08/08/citizen-groups-will-sue-dupont-and-chemours-for-contaminating-drinking-water-in-north-carolina/
- GenX being dumped into the river, + Swedish study find GenX more toxic than C-8, https://theintercept.com/2017/06/17/new-teflon-toxin-found-in-north-carolina-drinking-water/
- They exported the problem to China, https://theintercept.com/2016/09/15/the-teflon-toxin-goes-to-china/
- 3M Company echoes these sentiments. The EU, after banning C-8, proposed a global ban; C-8 is now being produced in India, Russia, and China. C-8 remains unregulated in the USA.
An international group of scientists and environmental advocates issued the Madrid Statement - a public warning calling for limiting production of all perfluorinated chemicals based on their persistence and toxicity. Now, with the introduction of these next-generation replacement chemicals, industry has reset the clock. In addition to the C8 and the phased-out flame retardants in our water, soil, and air, we are being exposed to hundreds of other chemicals, many of which could endure forever.
- Oct.25.2018: EPA Continues To Approve Toxic PFAS Chemicals Despite Widespread Contamination. Chemicals like PFOA and PFOS have been associated with cancers, hormonal disruption, obesity, and immune and reproductive problems. Sharon Lerner, The Intercept.
- Oct.2018: A class action lawsuit (Hardwick Complaint, orig) was filed on behalf of everyone in the USA who has been exposed to PFAS chemicals, against 3M Company, Dyneon LLC (link, link, link ), E I Du Pont de Nemours and Company, The Chemours Company LLC, Archroma Management LLC, Arkema Inc (link, Arkema, link), Arkema France SA (link), AGC Inc (AGC Inc., link), Asahi Glass Company Ltd (part of AGC Inc, link, link, belongs to Mitsubishi link), Daikin Industries Ltd (Daikin, link), Daikin America Inc (link, link), and Solvay Specialty Polymers (USA) LLC (Solvay SA, link, link). The lawsuit is seeking to force the companies to create an independent panel of scientists "tasked with thoroughly studying and confirming the health effects that can be caused by contamination of human blood with multiple PFAS materials". ref All six members of the FluoroCouncil are named in the lawsuit.
- Jul.2015: DuPont spun off its chemical division into a separate company called § Chemours. If cleanup costs are ever levied for the C-8 DuPont leaked into the larger environment, possibly for many $billions, then little Chemours will take the hit for its parent.
- 2014: The EPA fined DuPont $10.5m plus $6.25m for environmental projects ref. The question of why the EPA did not fine the maximum $300m it could have, remaines unanswered. The total $16.5m penalty was a tiny fraction of the $6.4 bn in annual sales that DuPont’s chemicals division was enjoying at the time.
- 2013 (A): A team of 10 scientists found 12 new PFCs contaminating the river water downstream from the DuPont/Chemours plant. All showed the same characteristics as C-8. And GenX was among them. ref
- 2013 (B): The C-8 Science Panel completed its work. They found connections to 6 chronic diseases and cancers. Their results also tolled the death knell for the widely-held belief that the dose makes the poison. This idea was one of the foundation stones of modern toxicology. Recent studies have tied C8 to a wide range of health effects, including ovarian and prostate cancers; lymphoma; reduced fertility; arthritis; hyperactivity and altered immune responses in children; and hypotonia ("floppiness") in infants.
- 2009: DuPont introduced new chemicals to replace C-8; the "Capstone" line of surfactants and repellants - all owned by Chemours, of course. Little is known about them since their chemical make-up is proprietary. Since 2005 the FDA has approved at least 10 "fluorochemicals" to replace C-8 in food packaging, but there is little public record of health risk assessments being performed on them.
One such is GenX, which causes many of the same health problems in lab tests that C-8, including cancer and reproductive problems. DuPont/Chemours scientists found that rats given GenX developed tumours, but dismissed them as "not relevant for human risk assessment". Meanwhile, they continued dumping waste into the river. Like C-8, GenX does not biodegrade, and does bioaccumulate.
- 2009: PFASs were listed as persistent organic pollutants under the Stockholm Convention, due to their ubiquitous, persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic nature. WP ref 8, WP ref 9
- Sept.2004: DuPont agreed to settle the class-action lawsuit for $343m. Part of the agreement was the creation of the C-8 Science Panel to collect medical information on the exposed population and determine whether exposure to C8 had actually harmed people.
- 1951-2003: 1,133,981 kgs of C-8 were released into the air and water around the plant; of this, 286,670 kgs were dumped directly into the Ohio River.
- 2002: DuPont invested $23m in a new facility to produce C-8.
- 2001: DuPont quickly settled the case for an undisclosed $sum. But the cat was out of the bag; 80,000 people filed a class action lawsuit against DuPont.
- May.2000: 3M decided to stop making C-8. DuPont started planning to produce it in a new plant.
- 2000: Documents revealed that DuPont were well aware that C-8 had seeped into local water; they had been documenting it since 1954 - nearly 20 years.
- 1999: A cattle farmer sued, suspecting that his cows had been poisoned after they drank from a C8-polluted stream and died. DuPont did not disclose that they had dumped 3,220 kgs of C-8 sludge into a nearby landfill; instead, they tried to blame the farmer, saying it was his failure in not looking after his cattle proporly.
- 1994: C-8 was now polluting the Netherlands and Japan, as well as in the USA.
- 1991: Not only did C-8 exposed rats have a higher chance of developing testicular cancer, but the way in which tumours developed could apply to humans. A press release was drafted: "DuPont and 3M studies show that C-8 has no known toxic or ill health effects in humans at the concentrations detected". The same year, DuPont changed their analytic laboratory; oddly, the new results on C-8 levels were then much lower.
- 1989: DuPont found a high number of leukemia deaths at their West Virginia plant. They also found a high number of kidney cancers among male workers. Both problems were plant-wide and not specific to workers who handled C-8.
- May.1984: Corporate managers decided not to try to reduce C-8 pollution, because it "was not economically attractive"; instead, they prepared a media PR guide. Usage of C-8 increased; and so did its polluting waste and emissions.
- Mar.1984: DuPont collected environmental samples up to 127 km away; the results confirmed C-8's presence at high levels.
- 1981: 3M shared the results of another C-8 study on pregnant rats, whose unborn pups were likely to have eye defects. DuPont imediately transferred all women out of work assignments with potential for exposure to C-8. They then tracked a group of women who had been exposed to C8; and found 2 children with serious eye defects.
3M submitted their study results to the EPA; DuPont scientists told the EPA the study was flawed. They did not disclose what had happened to their own workers.
- 1979: DuPont was aware of studies showing that exposed beagles had abnormal enzyme levels "indicating cellular damage"; the dogs died when given larger doses. They also knew about a 3M study showing that rhesus monkeys also died when exposed to C-8.
- 1978: DuPont alerted workers to a 3M Company study showing that its employees were accumulating C-8 in their blood. DuPont studied their own workers, and found increased rates of endocrine disorders. But the findings were not disclosed to regulators, because "they didn't see a substantial risk".
- 1975: Ocean dumping ceased; Landfill, including rivers and lakes, took over instead. Waste water was dumped directly into the Ohio River; incinerated waste was vented directly to the atmosphere.
- 1960s: C-8 disposal was a problem due to its toxicity. Around 200 drums were buried on the banks of the Ohio River near the plant. Later, the waste was packed into drums, shipped out to sea, and dumped into the ocean.
- 1965: Employees were told of studies which showed that even low doses of a C-8 related surfactant could increase the size of rats' livers.
- 1961: DuPont's researchers found that C-8 was indeed toxic and should be "handled with extreme care".
- 1954: A French engineer queried DuPont regarding C-8's possibile toxocity.
- 1951: DuPont started buying PFOA (perfluorooctanoic acid) from 3M Company for use in the manufacture of Teflon. DuPont internally referred to PFOA as C-8.
- 1947: Teflon: DuPont registered the trademark.
- 1937: A scientist was fired, and forbidden to publish research on how dye chemicals led to disease. The company went on to use the chemicals for decades.
EI du Pont de Nemours & Company
Within 18 months of the merger the DowDupont was split into three publicly traded companies with focuses on agriculture (Corteva), materials science (Dow Inc.), and specialty products (DuPont).
- Jun.2019: § Corteva became a public company, when DowDuPont distributed Corteva shares to its shareholders.
- Apr.2019: § Dow Inc was spun off from DowDuPont, becoming a publicly-traded company. Its primary subsidiary is The Dow Chemical Company.
- Aug.2017: § DuPont was formed by the merger of Dow Chemical Company and EI du Pont de Nemours & Company, creating the world's largest chemical company in terms of sales. DowDuPont ranked No.35 on the Fortune 500 list of the largest USA public corporations in 2019. DuPont is headquartered in Wilmington, Delaware.
- Aug.2017: DowDuPont: DuPont merged with the Dow Chemical Company, in an all-stock deal. The combined company was equally held by the shareholders of both Dow and DuPont.
- Aug.2015: The slimmed-down DuPont focused on the production of GMO seeds, materials for solar panels, and alternatives to fossil fuels.
- Jul.2015: The Chemours Company: DuPont spun off its Performance Chemicals business into a new publicly traded company, owned by DuPont shareholders. Chemours became responsible for the cleanup of 171 old DuPont sites, which DuPont said will cost between $295m–$945m.
- Nov.2015: Project Elm: the Pontchartrain Works facility, a neoprene-manufacturing plant in south Louisiana, was sold to Denka Company Ltd, with DuPont retaining ownership of the land. The sale was made "on the quiet" in an attempt to avoid emissions regulation;
neoprene, a synthetic rubber invented by DuPont, is manufactured using chloroprene, which is a likely carcinogen and pollutant. DuPont had decided on 'economic grounds' to continue contaminating the community, although the technology was available to operate the facility safely.
- ... ...
- 1802: EI du Pont de Nemours (commonly known as "DuPont") was founded by Éleuthère Irénée du Pont as a gunpowder manufacturer, near Wilmington, Delaware, using French capital and imported French gunpowder machinery.
Dow Chemical Company
- Apr.2009: Rohm & Haas Company, a manufacturer of speciality chemicals for end use markets such as building and construction, electronic devices, packaging, household and personal care products, was acquired. rohmhaas.com
- AgroFresh Inc: In 1994, researchers at North Caroline State University discovered 1-MCP, a synthetic plant growth regulator, used commercially to slow down the ripening of fruit. In 1996, AgroFresh was formed to acquired the 1-MCP technology. In Dec.1999, AgroFresh Inc was formed to develop the technology, marketed as "SmartFresh". In 2007, AgroFresh bought Floralife, gaining exclusive rights to the 1-MCP technology. In Aug.2015, Dow sold AgroFresh Inc to Boulevard Acquisition Corporation, private equity firm Avenue Capital Group's investment vehicle. AgroFresh Solutions Inc became a standalone company, and began trading on the NASDAQ in Aug.2015. , agrofresh.com
- Feb.2001: Union Carbide Corporation, the 5th-largest USA chemical firm, was acquired., Union Carbide, based in Danbury, Connecticut, produced specialty chemicals, polymers and solvents for the paint and coatings industry, and plastics used in a range of products. Post-merger, Dow Chemical Company became the world's 2nd-largest chemical company, behind DuPont.
Dow AgroSciences LLC
- May.2020: Corteva Agriscience announced plans to retire the Mycogen brand after the 2020 growing season; a new brand, "Brevant", would take its place, expanding retailer access to Corteva’s genetic traits and technology. brevant.com
- Nov.2015: Oxyfluorfen business, a broad-spectrum herbicide, was sold to Nutrichem Co. Ltd, a supplier of agrochemicals in China. The acquisition included the global registrations, brands, manufacturing information and intellectual property relating to the oxyfluorfen herbicides, including all Goal herbicide brands.
- Jul.2015: Dow Seeds was launched as a new seed brand, which brought together products previously marketed under Hyland Seeds and Mycogen Seeds, two brand names that Dow has discontinued.
- Feb.2015: Sodium Borohydride business was sold to Vertellus, a producer of specialty chemicals for the life sciences market and other industrial sectors. Sodium borohydride is used in the synthesis of fine chemicals, including pharmaceutical ingredients and agrochemicals.
- Nov.2014: Angus Chemical Company, based in Buffalo Grove, Illinois, was sold to private equity firm Golden Gate Capital. The sale included the business headquarters, manufacturing facilities, a research and development facility, a packaging facility and the associated business, customer contracts, process technology, business know-how and certain intellectual property. Angus Chemical Co. is a manufacturer of nitroalkanes, which are widely used in coatings, electronics and water treatment. angus.com
- Oct.2020: French private equity firm Ardian Holding SAS bought a 50% stake in Angus Chemical Co. from Golden Gate Capital. ardian.com, goldengatecap.com
- Oct.1999: Dow Chemical Company purchased Angus Chemical Co. from TransCanada Pipelines. In Feb.2001, Dow Biocides. a new business unit, was formed from the merger of the biocides divisions of Angus, Dow Chemical Company, and #Union Carbide Corporation. The new business group doubled Dow's biocides business and created a portfolio of 12 chemistries capable of solving a wide range of bacterial and fungal problems.
- Jan.2015: Coodetec's Seeds business was acquired, subject to approval by the Brazilian Antitrust Authority. Coodetec was one of Brazil's largest co-ops and marketers of soybean seed, and the acquisition expanded Dow AgroSciences' capabilities in the Americas.
- Jul.2014: Advantage Wheats Pty Ltd, an Australian wheat-breeding company, became a wholly-owned subsidiary. In Sept.2011, Dow AgroSciences had made a major investment in HRZ Wheats Pty Ltd, established in Nov.2003 to develop hardy, high-rainfall-zone wheat varieties. Equity partners were: Dow AgroSciences Australia Ltd; CSIRO, New Zealand’s Plant & Food Research; Landmark Operations Ltd; and the Grains Research and Development Corporation. HRZ Wheats was renamed as Advantage Wheats in Jul.2013. https://www.csiro.au
- Oct.2012: Rebrand: Dow AgroSciences introduced a new brand and visual identity today, the culmination of a major brand transformation the company has undertaken over the past year. The adoption of the red DOW Diamond logo with the Dow AgroSciences word mark as its new logo more clearly associates the enterprise as a wholly owned subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company and to Dow’s brand transformation.
- Jun.2012: The Royal Barenbrug Group and Dow AgroSciences announced a strategic relationship for the development and commercialization of advanced germplasm in forage seeds. Under the agreement, Dow AgroSciences will be a minority shareholder in Barenbrug Holding BV, part of The Royal Barenbrug Group and will provide Barenbrug access to select hybrid Brachiaria germplasm.
- Mar.2012: European Dithane Fungicide business was sold to Indofil Industries Ltd of Mumbai, India, part of KK Modi Group. The agreement included only Dithane products sold in Europe. Indofil manufactured and distributed Dithane in India for 40 years under Rohm & Haas Company.
- Jul.2011: Northwest Plant Breeding Company, based in Pullman, Wash., was acquired to enable Dow AgroSciences to expand its Hyland Seeds wheat seed program into the Pacific Northwest.
- Nov.2010: M-Pede insecticide/fungicide and Scythe herbicide rights were sold to Gowan Company LLC. M-Pede is an insecticide/fungicide that controls aphids, thrips, and mites on a variety of crops. Scythe is a non-selective herbicide used for controlling a broad spectrum of weeds.
- Mar.2010: Tebufenozide insecticide business was sold to Nippon Soda Co. Ltd, a member of the Mizuho keiretsu. Tebufenozide controls a broad range of lepidopterean pests infesting crops.
- Jan.2010: Thifluzamide Fungicide business was sold to Nissan Chemical Industries Ltd. Thifluzamide is highly active against certain fungi, especially in rice, potatoes, and turf markets.
Dow AgroSciences began as a joint venture in 1989 between the Agricultural Products Department of The Dow Chemical Company and the Plant Sciences business of Eli Lilly and Company that resulted in the creation of DowElanco. In 1997, The Dow Chemical Company acquired 100% ownership of DowElanco, and the new wholly-owned subsidiary was renamed Dow AgroSciences in 1998.ref
Mycogen Corporation was an agricultural biotechnology company focusing on the development of genetically engineered, pest-resistant crop seeds and environmentally safe bioinsecticides. Agrigenetics, Inc., a majority owned subsidiary doing business as Mycogen Plant Sciences, is the 6th largest crop seed company in the USA. The company also operates Soilserv Inc, which provides custom crop-protection services to growers in California and Arizona. Subsid of Corteva Inc, t/a Corteva Agriscience.
- ?date?: Mycogen became a subsidiary of Corteva Agriscience from the merger and subsequent spin-offs of Dow and DuPont.
- Nov.1998: Dow Agrosciences LLC acquired 100% of Mycogen Corporation (Mycogen Seeds?) by buying the 32% of shares it did not already own; Mycogen was integrated with Dow AgroSciences. Dow AgroSciences continued to grow through mergers, acquisitions, and alliances. Dow AgroSciences purchased Brazil Seeds, Cargill Hybrid Seeds and the Rohm and Haas Agricultural Chemicals Business in Jun.2001.
- 1998: Dow AgroSciences LLC: DowElanco was renamed.
- 1995: Mycogen reacquired certain rights in oil seed technology from SVO Specialty Products, Lubrizol's specialty oils subsidiary. ref
- 1996: Mycogen acquired rights to oilseed technology for those crops which it had developed jointly with SVO Specialty Products, a subsidiary of Lubrizol.
- Jan.1983: Vanguard Ventures, a private equity firm, acquired Mycogen from ?? ref
- 1982: Dr Orton left UC to accept a position with the Agrigenetics Corporation in the newly established Applied Genetics Laboratory in Boulder, Colorado. The company restructured in 1985.
- In 1957, Dr Orton and his brother Charles sold Jacques Seed to Rorer-AmChem. Charles retired and George stayed on as president until 1985 through a succession of owners, such as Union Carbide (1977), Agrigenetics Corporation (1980) and the Lubrizol Corporation (1985). Mycogen Plant Sciences later took over. ref
- 1997?: SVO Specialty Products Inc, successor to SVO Enterprises, a division of the Lubrizol Corporation,
Lubrizol Corp/SVO Specialty Products Inc subsidiary, which developed, produced and marketed specialty trait vegetable oils for the food and chemical industries. (SVO Specialty Products Inc, reg. Delaware in 1993, trademark )
- SVO Enterprises, a division of Agrigenetics Corporation, a part of the Lubrizol Corporation, ~1990
Agrigenetics Seed Co.
Lubrizol Genetics Inc, incorporated Nov.1985, merged into LGI Merger Corporation (Delaware) in Nov.1992. Humko Oil Products, a division of ACH Foods, ACH holds two U.S. patents related to high oleic sunflower seed and oil, as a result of its acquisition in 1996 to the rights of the high oleic sunflower business of SVO Specialty Products, Inc. and Lubrizol Corporation. Trisun® is the brand under which ACH division Humko Oil, Memphis, Tenn., markets its high oleic sunflower oil to U.S. food and industrial products manufacturers. The company works exclusively with Mycogen to develop high oleic seed, and with Kings Inc. (a sister company of Humko) to do the acreage contracting for all high oleic sunflower production in the U.S. ref
- 2002: Bayer purchased Aventis CropScience (formed by the 1999 merger of Hoechst and Rhone Poulenc).
- Jul.2013: Alforex Seeds was launched by Dow AgroSciences. The new division included all of Dow AgroSciences alfalfa research and development and seed production operations, as well as the global licensing and private label alfalfa businesses previously managed by Cal/West and Dairyland Seed. The sales and marketing components of Producer’s Choice was also incorporated. Alforex Seeds is now a brand of Corteva Agriscience. alforexseeds.com
- Oct.2012: Cal/West Seeds Inc, a Woodland, California member-owned cooperative which supplied alfalfa, clover, and other crops to seed companies and growers in the USA, Canada, and 25 other countries around the world, was acquired by Dow AgroSciences LLC. Assets included Cal/West and Producer’s Choice brands.
- Jun.2011: Prairie Brand Seeds: Sansguard Seed Farms Inc of Story City, Iowa, was acquired by Dow AgroSciences. The deal covered the Prairie Brand Seed brand and marketing assets, in addition to land, buildings and equipment. prairiebrandseed.com
- Sept.2010: Grand Valley Hybrids, a Colorado-based seed company, was acquired by Dow AgroSciences LLC.
- Jan.2010: Hyland Seeds was acquired by Dow AgroSciences Canada Inc from Thompsons Ltd of Blenheim, Ontario. (The Andersons Canada Ltd, a subsidiary of The Andersons Inc, acquired in Jan.2019 via its acquisition of Lansing Trade Group.) https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://hylandseeds.com/
- Jul.2009: Pfister Hybrid Corn Company, an Illinois-based corn company, was acquired by Dow AgroSciences LLC. In Aug.2018, Pfister was combined with NuTech Seed, and NuTech became the main brand in the Central Corn Belt for Corteva Agriscience, DowDuPont's Agriculture Division.
- Nov.2008: Brodbeck Seeds Inc of Wabash, Indiana, was acquired by Dow AgroSciences LLC, via an acquisition vehicle, Brodbeck Seeds LLC.
- Dec.2008: Sudwestsaat GbR, of Rastatt, Germany, was acquired by Dow AgroSciences LLC.
- Aug.2008: Bio Plant Research, of Camp Point, Illinois, was acquired by Dow AgroSciences LLC.
- Aug.2008: Dairyland Seed Company Inc, of West Bend, Wisconsin, was acquired by Dow AgroSciences LLC. Dairyland had with plant breeding programs in hybrid corn, soybeans and alfalfa. dairylandseed.com
- ?date?: Agromen
- ~2009: MTI, Austria
- 2008: Producer’s Choice acquires Grassland Central and Target Alfalfa. Dow AgroSciences acquired Dairyland Seeds. https://www.alforexseeds.com/2008-2/
- Mar.2008: Triumph Seed Company Inc, of Ralls, Texas, was acquired by Dow AgroSciences LLC.
- 2008: Renze Hybrids Inc of Carroll, IA was acquired. https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://renzeseeds.com/
- Aug.2007: Duo Maize BV, based in Rossum, The Netherlands, was acquired by Dow AgroSciences LLC.
- 2005: Vineyard acquired.
- 2005: Producer’s Choice acquired PGI Alfalfas. https://www.alforexseeds.com/2005-2/
- Sept.2000: Cargill Hybrid Seeds was purchased from Cargill Inc by Dow AgroSciences LLC/Mycogen Seeds. The deal included all seed research, production and distribution assets of Cargill Hybrid Seeds in the USA and Canada, except Cargill's InterMountain Canola, Goertzen Seed Research and the Western Canadian seed distribution business. Dow planned to combine the Mycogen and Cargill seed units, creating the 3rd-largest USA seed corn producer.
- 1998: Phytogen Seed Company LLC: Mycogen formed a joint venture with the JG Boswell Company to to bring together its germplasm, cotton breeding and seed production with a focus on the USA market.
- 1998: Dinamilho Carol Productos Agricolas of Brazil, a key South American maize firm, was acquired by Dow AgroSciences.
- 1997: DowElanco: Dow Chemical acquired Eli Lilly & Company's 40% shareholding, with DowElanco becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary.
- 1996: United AgriSeeds Inc, a USA subsidiary of DowElanco, was acquired by Mycogen.
- 1996: Santa Ursala SAAIC, dba "Morgan Seeds", the 2nd-largest maize seed company in Argentina, was acquired by Mycogen.
- Dec.1996: DowElanco LLC purchased Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc's stake in Mycogen, bringing its shareholding to to 55%, and gaining control of Mycogen. DowElanco agreed to limit its ownership of Mycogen to 65% until 1998.
- Aug.1996: Oil Seed assets and Technology Rights: Mycogen Corporation and AC Humko agreed to purchase all oil seed assets and technology rights owned by the Lubrizol Corporation and its SVO Specialty Products subsidiary, a leading producer and marketer of specialty seed oil products. AC Humko will acquire SVO's high oleic sunflower oil business, and Mycogen and AC Humko will enter into an agreement through which Mycogen will produce crude high oleic sunflower oil exclusively for Humko in North America. AC Humko will acquire Lubrizol's patent rights on both high oleic sunflower oil and planting seeds, while Mycogen will acquire SVO's technology and assets relating to specialty sunflowers, including high oleic sunflowers, as well as technology and assets relating to high oleic and high erucic rapeseed.
- Feb.1996: DowElanco LLC (a JV between Dow Chemical Company + Eli Lilly & Co.) purchased 37% of Mycogen's common stock formerly owned by the Lubrizol Corporation. Simultaneously, Mycogen issued an additional 9% of its common stock to DowElanco in return for cash and DowElanco's seeds business, United AgriSeeds Inc. (DowElanco, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Dow Chemical Company, changed its name to Dow AgroSciences LLC, effective Jan.01.1998.) The acquisition of UAS strengthened Mycogen's platform for commercializing proprietary, genetically-enhanced seed products. Mycogen and DowElanco also entered into a technology sharing agreement to develop and commercialize input and output traits for major crops. DowElanco continued to purchase additional shares of Mycogen's common stock in the public market and through private transactions and, as of Sept.30.1997, it owned ~57% of Mycogen's common stock.
- Dec.1995: Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc: Mycogen entered into a 10-year collaboration with Pioneer to develop insect resistance traits for corn, soybean, canola, sunflower, sorghum and wheat using Mycogen's proprietary Bacillus thuringiensis ("Bt") protein biotoxin and Bt gene synthesis technology. As part of the agreement, Pioneer made a series of equity investments in Mycogen.
- 1995: Refocus: with its primary focus changing from bioinsecticides to pest-resistant crop seeds, Mycogen reorganized its four seed companies into a single Mycogen Plant Sciences Organization, and consolidated eight brand names, including Jacques, SIGCO, McCurdy, Agrigene, Golden Acres, ORO and Taylor Evans, into a single Mycogen brand.
- 1995: Delta & Pine Land Company, a cottonseed producer in the Mississippi Delta, sold its corn and sorghum seed business to Mycogen Plant Sciences. Delta & Pine, jointly with the US Dept of Agriculture, developed the "Terminator" technology which makes 'suicide seeds', ie. incapable of reproducing themselves.
- 1993: Agrigenetics Inc, (dba Mycogen Plant Sciences): Mycogen acquired an additional 30% from Lubrizol. Meanwhile, Lubrizol upped its ownership of Mycogen to 32%.
- Aug.1992: GMO Joint Venture: Mycogen Corporation (51%) formed a joint venture with Lubrizol Corporation (49%) to buy Lubrizol's seed and plant science unit. The companies planned to work together to develop genetically engineered biological crop pesticides and seed products.
- 1992: Parasitix Corporation was established by Mycogen, to develop pesticides affecting the poultry and livestock industries; the first products introduced were based on the fatty acid technology developed by Safer Inc.
- 1992: Agrigenetics Inc (dba Mycogen Plant Sciences): Mycogen acquired a 51% stake from Lubrizol Corporation, which had become a major shareholder with a 12% interest in Mycogen. The acquisition was part of a joint venture designed to use Mycogen's Bt biotoxin and gene technologies to engineer insect-resistant seeds.
- 1991: Soilserv, a division of Georgia-based Griffin Corporation, was acquired. SoilServ provided custom crop protection services to vegetable growers in California's Salinas Valley.
- 1989: DowElanco was formed as a joint venture between Dow Chemical Company's Agricultural Products Department (60%) and Eli Lilly & Company's Plant Sciences business (40%).
- 1987: Mycogen went public.
- 1987: Mycogen entered into a three-year agreement with Cleveland-based Lubrizol Enterprises Inc, whose Agrigenetics Inc subsidiary was the USA's 6th-largest seed company.
- Nov.1986: Mycogen reincorporated in Delaware. In Oct.1995, it again reincorporated in California.
- Jan.1983: acquired a stake in Mycogen; later sold to Dow Chemical Company.
- Dec.1982: Mycogen Corporation was formed by members of the San Diego business and scientific communities, including David H Rammler, a partner at venture capital firm , and Andrew C Barnes, a biochemist. The original idea was to develop environmentally safe herbicides from fungi using genetic engineering, hence the name "Mycogen", formed from the Ancient Greek stems myco- ('yeast' or fungi) and -gen ('maker' or 'producer').
Union Carbide Corporation
- 1977: Amchem division, part of Rorer-AmChem, purchased from William H Rorer Inc.
- DowDuPont announces completion of DuPont’s transactions with FMC. SeedQuest, Nov.01.2017.
- DowDuPont merger successfully completed. Company moves forward toward intended separation within 18 months into industry-leading, publicly-traded companies in agriculture, materials science and specialty products. SeedQuest, Sept.01.2017.
- Corteva Agriscience Acquires Full Ownership of PhytoGen Seed Company, LLC Joint Venture. Corteva Inc, Jun.30.2020.
- Corteva Agriscience signs memorandum of understanding with the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences to further agricultural technology innovation. Principles outlined on furthering development in the innovation of agricultural technology and skills development. SeedQuest, Mar.25.2019.
- Barenbrug repurchases outstanding shares from Corteva Agriscience. The deal also includes the acquisition of all Brachiaria grass seed assets. SeedQuest, Mar.13.2019.
- Corteva Agriscience, agriculture division of DowDuPont, announces Seed Consultants as its eastern regional seed brand. Customers will be better served with a stronger, broader product portfolio. SeedQuest, May.09.2018.
- DowDuPont's agriculture division to become Corteva Agriscience, as it progresses toward becoming a stand-alone company. SeedQuest, Feb.26.2018.
- Corteva Agriscience, agriculture division of DowDuPont, announces new U.S. multi-channel, multi-brand seed strategy. Approach strengthens seed brands, product portfolios and licensing opportunities, bringing better, broader solutions to customers. SeedQuest, May.09.2018.
- Denka Announces Completion of Acquisition of DuPont's Chloroprene Rubber Business. PR Newswire, Nov.04.2015.
- Chemicals giant sold Louisiana plant amid fears over cost of offsetting toxic emissions. Multibillion-dollar company DuPont worried about the potential cost of offsetting emissions of a ‘likely human carcinogen’. Oliver Laughland, The Guardian, Feb.17.2021.
- Dow Chemical to buy Rohm & Haas for $15 billion. Christopher Hinton, MarketWatch, Jul.10.2008.
- Dow advances portfolio management drive with divestment of AgroFresh. SeedQuest, Apr.30.2015.
- Dow buying Union Carbide. CNN Money, Aug.04.1999. Original archived on Feb.07.2002.
- Dow Buys Union Carbide. CBS News, Aug.04.1999.
- Corteva Retires Mycogen, Replaces with Brevant. Margy Eckelkamp, AgWeb, May.13.2020.
- Nutrichem to purchase Dow AgroSciences’ oxyfluorfen herbicide business. SeedQuest, Nov.16.2015.
- Dow Chemical Co. sells two businesses, buys one. Tony Lascari, Midland Daily News, Feb.05.2015.
- Dow to sell Angus Chemical to private equity firm. Processing Magazine, Nov.14.2014.
- Ardian Buys 50% Stake in Ex-Dow Unit Angus From Golden Gate. Kiel Porter, Andrew Marc Noel, Bloomberg, Oct.13.2020.
- About Us: History. Angus Chemical Company. Original archived on Feb.13.2015.
- Dow AgroSciences Completes Acquisition of Coodetec’s Seed Business. SeedWorld, Jan.30.2015.
- Dow AgroSciences signs agreement to purchase Coodetec's seeds business. SeedQuest, Jul.02.0214.
- Dow AgroSciences is now the full owner of Advantage Wheats Pty. Ltd. - Remaining shares purchased from CSIRO and Landmark Operations Ltd. SeedQuest, Jul.01.2014.
- Growing quality grain where it rains. Media Release, CSIRO Australia, Nov.14.2003. Original archived
- Boost for high rainfall zone wheat research: Dow AgroSciences Australia takes equity investment in HRZ Wheats. SeedQuest, Sept.09.2011.
- Dow AgroSciences launches rebrand, visual identity - Business adopts renowned DOW diamond icon. SeedQuest, Oct.01.2012.
- Dow AgroSciences and The Royal Barenbrug Group Announce Strategic Relationship. Press Release, Royal Barenbrug Group, Jun.29.2012.
- Dow AgroSciences divests European dithane business to Indofil Industries Ltd.. SeedQuest, Mar.05.2012.
- Dow AgroSciences acquires Northwest Plant Breeding Co. - Investments made in new cereals breeding station in Pullman, Washington. SeedQuest, Jul.29.2011.
- Gowan Company aquires rights to M-Pede insecticide and Scythe herbicide from Dow AgroSciences. SeedQuest, Nov.10.2010.
- Dow AgroSciences announces divestiture of tebufenozide business to Nippon Soda. SeedQuest, Mar.31.2010.
- Nissan Chemical Industries, Ltd. to buy Dow AgroSciences thifluzamide fungicide. SeedQuest, Jan.17.2020.
- Dow Chemical to expand ownership of Mycogen to 100%. Company News, The New York Times, Sept.02.1998. Original archived on May.27.2015.
- Who We Are. Dow AgroSciences, 2002. Original archived on Oct.17.2002.
- Global Seed Industry Concentration – 2005. ETC Comunique, ETC Group, Sept/Oct.2005.
- Alforex Seeds Announced as Dow AgroSciences’ Alfalfa Business. Collazo & Associates SA, Cal/West Seeds, Jul.26.2013. Original archived on Nov.08.2020.
- Dow AgroSciences Acquires Cal/West Seeds. Collazo & Associates SA, Cal/West Seeds, Oct.05.2012. Original archived on Nov.08.2020.
- Dow AgroSciences Acquires Prairie Brand Seeds. Matt Hopkins, AgriBusiness Global, Jun.13.2011. Original archived on Nov.08.2020.
- Dow AgroSciences acquires Grand Valley Hybrids. AgriMarketing, Sept.03.2010. Original archived on Nov.08.2020.
- Dow AgroSciences Canada Announces Agreement to Acquire Hyland Seeds. Cision Canada, Nov.24.2009. Original archived on Jun.01.2017.
- Thompsons Limited Changes Name to The Andersons. Press Release, The Andersons, Jan.07.2020. Original archived on Jan.13.2020.
- Dow Agrosciences acquires Pfister Hybrids. Successful Farming, Jul.15.2009. Original archived on Nov.08.2020.
- Dow AgroSciences to acquire Brodbeck Seed. AgriMarketing, Nov.07.2008. Original archived on Nov.08.2020.
- Dow AgroSciences announces agreement to acquire Dairyland Seed Co., Bio-Plant Research Ltd. - Acquisition builds on Dow AgroSciences’ corn, soybean and alfalfa businesses. SeedQuest, Aug.08.2008.
- Dow Chemical acquires Cargill Hybrid Seeds. SeedQuest, Sept.18.2000. Original archived on Dec.24.2001.
- Seed Industry Consolidation: Who Owns Whom? RAFI Comunique, RAFI (Rural Advancement Foundation International), Jul/Aug.1998.
- DowElanco Raises Its Stake In Biotech Firm Mycogen The Wall Street Journal, Dec.04.1996.
- Mycogen, AC Humko To Acquire Specialty Products Business. The Agbiotech Bulletin, Vol.4 Issue 8, AG-West Biotech Inc, Aug.1996. Original archived on Nov.06.2020.
- Mycogen Corporation: 10-K SEC Fukubg. Edgar Online, Nov.26.1997.
- 2006 and the Plutocracy. Silvia Ribeiro, ETC Group, Feb.26.2007.
- Mycogen Joins Lubrizol In a $135 Million Venture. The New York Times, Aug.28.1992. Original archived on May.26.2015.
- Our Portfolio. Vanguard Venture Partners. Original archived on Aug.02.2002.