Tata Group

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Tata-Group.svg

Tata Group is a privately-held, Indian multinational conglomerate holding company, itself owned by Tata Sons Private Ltd, the principal investment holding company. Subsidiary companies are both publicly-listed and privately-held, with each enterprise operating independently under the guidance and supervision of its own board of directors and shareholders.

Tata Sons Private Ltd owns the Tata name and trademarks, and holds the bulk of the shares in the ~100 independent companies that make up the Tata Group.ref Tata Sons operates through two divisions:

  1. Tata Quality Management Services: works with group companies to improve efficiencies and other processes
  2. Tata Financial Services: provides in-house financial services, planning, negotiations, debt placement, mergers and acquisitions, and other advisory services to group companies.ref

Company

Ownership

  • 34%: Tata FamilyWikipedia-W.svg: Pallonji Mistry (~18%), ...
  • 66%: Tata Trusts: Ratan Tata Trust, Dorabji Tata Trust, ...,ref,ref,ref
  • Tata Sons Private Ltd, principal investment holdco, ref, Tata SonsWikipedia-W.svg

Companies by Sector

Note: MarketScreener-sm.svgxx.x%: indicates publicly-traded companies, and Tata Sons Private Ltd's shareholdings in them.
  • IT & Telecomms
    • Nelco Ltd, VSAT connectivity, Satcom, Security & Surveillance technologies for businesses and govt, Website
    • Tata-Consultancy-Services-horiz.svg
      MarketScreener-sm.svg72.0%: Tata Consultancy Services Ltd, information technology and consulting services, Website
      • C-Edge Technologies Ltd, JV between Tata Consultancy Services Ltd and State Bank of India,ref Website
    • MarketScreener-sm.svg42.2%: Tata Elxsi Ltd, technology and design, Website
    • MarketScreener-sm.svg19.6%: Tata Teleservices Ltd, broadband and telecommunications services, tatateleservices.com, tatatelebroadband.com
    • Tata Sky Ltd, direct broadcast satellite television provider, 60%/30%/10% JV with Walt Disney Company and Temasek Holdings Private Ltd. TataSky.com
    • Mjunction Services Ltd, eCommerce company + eMarketplace for steel and coal,ref 50/50 JV with SAIL, Website
    • MPS Interactive Systems Ltd, gamification, simulations, custom eLearning, augmented and virtual reality, animations, videos, micro-learning, etc, Website
  • Steel
    • MarketScreener-sm.svg30.2%:
      Tata-Steel.svg
      Tata Steel Ltd, steel-manufacturing, Website
      • Tata Steel Europe Ltd, steel-making, Website
        • Tata Pigments Ltd, synthetic iron oxide pigments producing plant, Website
      • MarketScreener-sm.svg Tata Steel BSL Ltd, auto-grade steel-making, Website
      • Tata Bearings, division, bearing manufacturer, Website
      • MarketScreener-sm.svg Tata Sponge Iron Ltd, manufacturing of sponge iron,ref,ref,ref Website
        • MarketScreener-sm.svg Tata Steel Long Products Ltd, Website
      • MarketScreener-sm.svg Tata Metaliks Ltd, production of pig iron and ductile iron pipes, Website
        • Tata Metaliks DI Pipes Ltd,
      • MarketScreener-sm.svg Tinplate Company of India Ltd, production of tinplate, Website
      • Jamshedpur Engineering & Machine Manufacturing Company Ltd, manufactures and supplies cast iron & cast steel rolls and engineering castings, Website
      • Tayo Rolls Ltd, manufacturer of cast and forged rolls from iron ore, Website
      • Tata Steel International India Ltd, Website
      • Tata Steel Ltd (Bearings Division), bearing manufacturer, Website
  • Engineering & Automotive
    • Tata Consulting Engineers Ltd, integrated engineering consultancy, Website
    • MarketScreener-sm.svg37.9%: Tata Motors Ltd, automotive manufacturing, Website
      • Tata International DLT Pvt Ltd, trailer and truck body manufacturer, Website
      • Tata Motor Cars Ltd, passenger cars, Website
      • Tata Hitachi Construction Machinery Company pvt Ltd, 40%/60% JV with Hitachi Construction Machinery Co. Ltd, Website
      • Tata Marcopolo Motors Ltd, 51%/49% JV with Marcopolo SA,ref [Website]
      • Jaguar-Land-Rover.png
        Jaguar Land Rover Automotive plc, Jaguar Land RoverWikipedia-W.svg, ref, jaguar.com, JaguarLandrover.com
      • Tata Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Company, x, Website
      • Tata Technologies Ltd, engineering and design, product lifecycle management, manufacturing, product development, IT service management, Website
      • TAL Manufacturing Solutions Ltd, manufacturing solutions for the automotive, heavy engineering, aerospace, robotics and automation sectors, Website.arch
    • Tata Hispano Motors Carrocera SA, defunct, Website.arch
    • Tata AutoComp Systems Ltd, automotive components manufacturer, Website
  • Retail & Leisure
    • Tata Consumer Products Ltd, will combine "Tata Global Beverages Ltd" + Tata Chemicals Ltd",ref
    • MarketScreener-sm.svg30.2%: Tata Global Beverages Ltd, non-alcoholic beverages, Website
      Tata-Global-Beverages.svg
    • Tata UniStore
      • Tata CLiQ, e-commerce, selling apparel, footwear and electronics, Website
      • MarketScreener-sm.svg32.7%: Westside/Trent, retail, Website
    • MarketScreener-sm.svg21.4%: Titan Company, consumer goods (jewellery, watches, eyewear, etc, 72.12%/27.88% JV with Tamil Nadu Industrial Development CorporationWikipedia-W.svg, Website
    • Tata Cromā / Infiniti Retail Ltd, retails consumer electronics and durables, Website
    • MarketScreener-sm.svg36.7%: Indian Hotels Company Ltd, manages a portfolio of hotels, resorts, jungle safaris, palaces, spas and in-flight catering services, Website
      • Taj Hotels, chain of luxury hotels, Website
      • Vivanta, up-market hotel brand, defunct?, Website.arch
      • Roots Corporation Ltd (Ginger Hotels), hotel chain in the economy and mid-market sectors, Website
      • SeleQtions, "hotels with a unique identity"
      • Gateway, a chain of modern hotels
  • Financial
    • Tata Capital, financial and investment services, Website
      • Tata Capital Financial Services Ltd, financial services provider to the retail, corporate and institutional sectors, Website
      • Tata Cleantech Capital Ltd, cleantech-focused infrastructure finance and advisory solutions, JV between Tata Capital Ltd, International Finance Corporation (Washington), World Bank Group, Website
    • Tata AIG General Insurance Company Ltd, general insurance company; 51%/49% JV with American International Group. Website
    • Tata AIA Life Insurance Company Ltd, life and health insurance solutions, ?%/?% JV with Tata Sons and AIA Group LtdWikipedia-W.svg, Website
    • MarketScreener-sm.svg70.1%: Tata Investment Corporation Ltd, long-term investor in equity shares, debt instruments, listed and unlisted companies, etc, Website
  • Manufacturing
    • MarketScreener-sm.svg24.0%: Tata Chemicals Ltd, chemicals, fertilisers, consumer products, Website
      • Tata Chemicals Europe, Website
      • Tata Salt Ltd, manufactures iodised salt from seawater, Website
      • MarketScreener-sm.svg Rallis India Ltd, agrochemicals (fertilisers, herbicides, pesticides), GM seeds, Website
        • Metahelix Life Sciences Ltd, agricultural biotechnology, Website
        • Zero Waste Agro Organics Ltd, converts bi-products materials into customised organic soil conditioning fertilisers, ref
    • MarketScreener-sm.svg27.2%: Voltas Ltd, Voltas burman ltd Ltd, air conditioning and cooling technology, Website
  • Real Estate
    • Tata Housing Development Company, real estate development company, Website
      • Tata Value Homes India Pvt Ltd, low-cost housing, Website
  • Infrastructure
    • MarketScreener-sm.svg14.1%: Tata Communications, subsea fibre and terrestrial network, provides network services and software-defined network platforms, Website
    • MarketScreener-sm.svg32.6%: Tata Power Ltd, generates, transmits and distributes electricity, Website
    • Tata Power Solar Systems Ltd, manufactures solar modules, solar cells, and other solar products, Website
    • Tata Power Delhi Distribution Ltd, consultancy services in the power sector, 51%/49% JV with the Govt of NCT of Delhi, Website
    • Tata Power Renewable Energy Ltd, renewable energy power generation, Website
    • Tata Power Trading Company Ltd, defunct?, Website
  • Defence & Aerospace
    • Tata Advanced Systems Ltd, the group's strategic aerospace and defence arm;ref both an operating and a holdco, ref,ref Website
      • Tata Aerospace and Defence, x, [Website]
        • Tata Sikorsky Aerostructures Ltd, aerospace and defence arm, JV with Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation, [Website]
      • TAL Manufacturing Solutions Ltd, x, [Website]
    • TajAir Ltd, executive charter airline, Website
  • Construction
  • Fossil Fuels
    • Tata Petrodyne Ltd, has interests in oil exploration and production blocks in India, Indonesia, and Tanzania; has JVs with international companies, Website
  • To Classify
    • ~20%: TRL Krosaki Refractories Ltd,ref,ref Website
    • Tata Sons Ltd, Website.arch
    • Ecofirst Services Ltd, x, Website
    • Jamshedpur Continuous Annealing and Processing Co Pvt Ltd, JV with Nippon Steel Corporation,ref Website
    • Jamshedpur Utilities and Services Company Ltd, urban infrastructure service provider,ref Website
    • Powerlinks Transmission Ltd, power transmission, JV/Public-Private Partnership between the Tata Power Company Ltd (51%) and Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd (49%). Website
    • Tata Industries Ltd,OpenCorporates-sm.svg promotes and incubates group companies into new businesses, also holds stakes in select group companies, link, Webpage
    • Tata Advanced Materials Ltd, composite manufacturing for aerospace, defence and industry, Website
    • Tata Ceramics Ltd,
    • Tata BlueScope Steel Pvt Ltd, JV with BlueScope Steel, Australia, Website
    • Tata Institute of Social Sciences, higher education institute, Website
    • Tata International Ltd, global trading and distribution company, Website
      • Tata Africa Holdings, x, Website
      • Tata International GST AutoLeather Ltd, automotive grade leathers, marketing and sales JV with GST AutoLeather Inc, Website
      • Tata Precision Industries (India) Ltd, 50:50 JV between Tata Precision Industries Pte Ltd (Singapore), and Tata International, Website
    • Tata Services Ltd, x, [Website]
      • Tata Management Training Centre, educational institute for professional management, Website
    • Tata Medical Center, philanthropic cancer care centre, Website
  • TATA SIA Airlines Ltd, 51%/49% JV with Singapore AirlinesWikipedia-W.svg, Website
  • Tata Strategic Management Group, management consulting firm, Website.arch
  • Tata Trusts, x, Website
Sources: FundooData, Trendlyne, Sept.2019

  • 2013-2018: TAS (Tata Administrative Service), intense learning and training under the guidance of top Tata leaders, defunct, Website.arch
  • 1995: Nelito Systems Ltd, formed as a JV of Nelco India and Itochu Corporation (Japan) in 1995. Provides software products and services for banking, financial services, and govt.
    • Mar.2017: DTS Corporation Japan[2] bought a 44% shareholding in Nelito.
    • 2019: DTS Corporation acquired Nelito Systems' outstanding shares. Website, About

Timeline

ToDo: link, link, link, link, link, link, link, link, link, link, link, link, [link], [link], Businesses, Companies, Investors
ToDo: Tata Steel: British Steel CorporationWikipedia-W.svg, British Steel plcWikipedia-W.svg, British Steel LtdWikipedia-W.svg, Iron and Steel Corporation of Great BritainWikipedia-W.svg, Tata SteelWikipedia-W.svg

  • Jun.2017: Tata Sons Private Ltd was incorporated in Singapore.ref
  • Nov.1917: Tata Sons Private LtdOpenCorporates-sm.svg was incorporated as an unlisted private company, in Mumbai, Maharashtra.ref

Origins

  • 1904: Tata Sons: Jamsetji Tata died while on a business trip to Germany, leaving the already sizeable Tata company to his two sons. Together they consolidated their ownership into a single holding company, which in turn is owned by a charitable trust they created for future generations. Jamsetji’s sons oversaw the creation of India’s steelworks in 1907, India’s first cement plant in 1912 and the first indigenous insurance company in 1919.
  • 2008: Jaguar and Land Rover
  • 2007: Took over the Dutch-British steel maker Corus
  • 2001: Insurance
  • 2000: Tata Tea (now Tata Global Beverages) took over Tetley.
  • 1999: Retailing
  • 1998: Passenger cars
  • 1994: Telecommunications
  • 1993: Auto components
  • 1984: Financial services
  • 1968: Information technology
  • 1962: Tea and Coffee
  • 1958: Pharmaceuticals
  • 1954: Air conditioning
  • 1952: Cosmetics
  • 1945: Commercial vehicles and locomotives
  • 1940: Consumer electronics
  • 1939: Chemcials
  • 1932: Aviation
  • 1931: Printing and publishing
  • 1917: Soap
  • 1912: Cement
  • 1910: Power
  • 1902: Steel
  • 1874: Textiles
  • 1868: Jamsetji Tata founded a cotton trading company, and started creating a vertically-integrated business.
  • 1857: The British Empire's brutal regime resulted in a rebellionWikipedia-W.svg, which ended the power of the British East India CompanyWikipedia-W.svg and replaced it with the British RajWikipedia-W.svg. Although the Raj was still an oppressive colonial power, it did enable Indians to develop their own economic opportunities. One of these first entrepreneurs was Jamsetji TataWikipedia-W.svg.
Sources: TATA Company History

Articles

  • Sept.18.2018: Jaguar puts workers on three-day week. One thousand Jaguar workers in the West Midlands are to be put on a 3-day week as it cuts production in the face of falling sales. Ralf Speth, chief executive of parent company Jaguar Land Rover, issued his strongest warning yet about the impact of a cliff-edge Brexit, saying it would cost his company £1.2bn and lead to tens of thousands of job losses. He indicated the group would have to divert production to low-cost manufacturing plants in eastern Europe. Tory MP Sir Bernard Jenkin, a Brexiter, told the BBC earlier in the day that he thought Mr Speth was “making it up”. Sir Bernard’s intervention was leapt upon by the carworkers’ union. The Times, Robert Lea.