HM Prison and Probation Service

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< Ministry of Justice < HM Prison and Probation Service

HM Prison and Probation Service is an Executive Agency of the Ministry of Justice. Its role is to provide offender management services in the community and in custody ensuring best value for money from public resources.


  • Jun.04.2020: Ministers considering renationalising England and Wales probation service. Move is latest attempt to unwind ‘disastrous’ 2014 changes under Chris Grayling. Grayling ignored significant warnings to push through his so-called transforming rehabilitation reforms in 2014. MPs on the Public Accounts Committee said the changes were rushed through at breakneck speed, taking “unacceptable risks” with taxpayers’ money. The Justice Committee described the overhaul as a “mess” and warned it might never work. Since the reforms were introduced, the govt taxpayer has bailed out the private providers by £half a billion. Jamie Grierson, The Guardian.
  • Jan.30.2014: Prisons: The role of the private sector. An overview of some of the main areas of controversy and debate with regard to the contracting-out of imprisonment to the private sector. Gabrielle Garton Grimwood,

2017Some of the agency's functions were transferred to the Ministry of Justice, and it received its current name.
Conservatives (May)
Liz Truss, Secretary of State for Justice, announced that NOMS would be replaced by a new executive agency HM Prison and Probation Service (HMPPS) tasked with offender rehabilitation and public protection, with Michael Spurr, current NOM chief executive, at the helm. It will have full responsibility for all operations across prisons and probation. The MoJ would take charge of commissioning services, policy development and setting standards, as well as scrutinising prison and probation performance.[1]
Labour (Brown)
Jack Straw, Secretary of State for Justice, announced a major restructure reform which resulted in Phil Wheatley, Director-General of HM Prison Service, becoming the Chief Executive of NOMS, with responsibility for both the National Probation Service (NPS) as well as HM Prison Service and management of contracts for private sector operation of prisons and prisoner escorting. The Chief Executive post was reclassified as Director-General,[2] and NOMS was designated as an executive agency within the MoJ.[3]
May.2007The Correctional Services element of the Home Office was moved to join the DCA in the new MoJ.
Mar.2007Tony Blair announced the creation of a new Ministry of Justice (MoJ) to take on the responsibilities of the DCA and the criminal justice functions of the Home Office and its agencies — mainly NOMS, which included HM Prison Service and the Probation Service.[4]
Jun.2004 NOMS: The National Offender Management Service was created by combining parts of the headquarters of the National Probation Service and HM Prison Service with some existing Home Office functions.
Labour (Blair)
Patrick CarterWikipedia-W.svg was asked by Blair's govt to propose a way of achieving a better balance between the prison population in England and Wales and the resources available for the correctional services. His review proposed three reforms: 1. There should be 'end-to-end management' of each offender from first to last contact with the correctional services; 2. There should be a clear division between the commissioners of services and their providers; 3. There should be 'contestability' amongst these providers.[5]

  • Liverpool prison is a symbol of our broken system. Send the inmates home. The jail’s squalid conditions are shocking, reflecting the failure of the UK’s system as a whole. Do these prisoners really need to be locked up? Two long-serving workers at Liverpool jail were sacked by Amey for "whistleblowing" to the governor, with "the potential of being incredibly damaging to the firm’s reputation". The Dutch prison service too is close to collapse – from the opposite ailment, underuse. Since a switch to non-custodial sentences for non-violent prisoners, 12 prisons have been closed and others rented out to Norway and Belgium. In the Netherlands, imprisonment’s bluff has been called. It is not essential to lock men and women in physical and psychological isolation to make society safer. It merely panders to an atavistic public yearning for a peculiarly devastating form of revenge. This pandering has driven Britain’s prison population to an all-time high of almost 100,000; it surged under Tony Blair and David Cameron to double what it was when Thatcher was in power. Meanwhile prison budgets have been slashed by 22% since 2008, severely worsening prison upkeep, staffing, cell overcrowding and rehabilitation. There is just one simple solution. Do not send so many people to jail merely “to pay their debt to society”. Experts reckon no more than one-fifth of prisoners need to be incarcerated for public protection. Simon Jenkins, The Guardian.
  • Jan.23.2018: Prison service must be held to account. The only way to halt the tide of prison deaths is to dramatically reduce the prison population, invest in community alternatives and transform the nature of prisons. Deborah Coles, Joe Sim, Steve Tombs, The Guardian.

National Probation Service

See main article: National Probation Service in England and Wales
  • Jan.28.2018: GPS offender tagging farce tied to privatised probation. Chris Grayling pushed both of these schemes through and both have been expensive failures, but the former Justice secretary has not been called to account for either. The Commons Public Accounts Committee report on the Ministry of Justice's electronic monitoring fiasco is still not the full story (New tags for offenders ‘waste of money’ - MPs, 24 January). Notwithstanding the ministry’s secretive approach, plans for the mass expansion of GPS tracking, the absence of an evidence base, and the futility of developing a bespoke "super tag" were all discernible in 2014, and it is unclear why no one was able to halt such a misguided programme well before £60m had been wasted. Justice secretary Chris Grayling pushed all this through in tandem with the privatisation of the Probation service, and in his mind’s eye the upgrading of electronic monitoring was the counterpart of downgrading the status and skills of probation officers. Both programmes had commercial rather than penal rationales. Both have been expensive failures, each in their own way, but Grayling has not been called to account for either of them. The over-complex, outsourced infrastructure set in place to manage the mass expansion of GPS tracking is no longer needed and should be dismantled. A modest and sensible use of tagging will not happen until electronic monitoring has been properly integrated into a restored, publicly owned probation service, as it mostly is in mainland Europe. Mike Nellis, Letters, The Guardian.
  • Jan.24.2018: Offender tagging scheme is 'catastrophic waste of public money'. MPs’ report says GPS tags scheme is over budget and uses technology from 2011. The Ministry of Justice's programme to introduce the next generation of satellite tracking tags for offenders has been "fundamentally flawed" and proved "a catastrophic waste of public money", MPs have concluded. This ill-fated adventure into the possibilities of technology has so far cost taxpayers some £60m. The PAC report says the MoJ’s approach was driven by its aims of increasing competition and participation by small companies. Alan Travis, The Guardian.
  • Feb.03.2015: The trouble with privatising probation. Probation chief Paul McDowell had to go after it was disclosed that his wife’s firm Sodexo had won the largest number of service contracts. Lessons must be learned. McDowell is a former chief executive of the criminal justice charity Nacro [1]. Rob Allen, The Guardian.

Prison Officers

Jan.16.2018: By way of Richard Burgon MP asking a parliamentary question, we learn how much HMPPS has paid out over the last 12 months in hotel and travel for prison officers having to be shuttled around the country due to disturbances and staffing shortages. Total: £2,409,893.31 involving 8,129 hotel bookings and 6,699 rail tickets costing £247,838.95. They Work For You

One3One Solutions

ONE3ONE Solutions is a part of HM Prison and Probation Service, which is an Executive Agency of the Ministry of Justice. The MoJ works in partnership across govt to reform the criminal justice system, to serve the public and support the victims of crime, and is responsible for making new laws, strengthening democracy, and safeguarding human rights.

Prisoners and Work

  • Sept.11.2014: 'Poison pill' privatisation contracts could cost £300m-£400m to cancel. 'Unprecedented' clauses guarantee firms 10 years of profits even if new government scraps controversial probation contracts. Taxpayers will face a £300m-£400m penalty if controversial probation privatisation contracts are cancelled after next May's general election under an "unprecedented" clause that guarantees bidders their expected profits over the 10-year life of the contract. Labour is already committed to unpicking the justice ministry contracts to outsource probation services but will not now be able to do so without incurring the multimillion pound bill because of "poison pill" clauses written in by Chris Grayling's department. The Ministry of Justice say they are only following HM Treasury guidance by including the clause, which raises the prospect that similar clauses are being included in other politically controversial contracts across Whitehall that are to be signed before next May's general election. Margaret Hodge, chairman of the Commons Public Accounts Committee, who has secured a confirmation from Ministry of Justice officials about the clauses, said that the clause is written into the contracts to run 21 new "community rehabilitation companies". She said was appalled by the discovery. The disclosure comes as the two outsourcing firms at the centre of serious fraud inquiries, G4S and Serco, confirmed they had been granted new govt work during a period when the Justice secretary Chris Grayling had told MPs that contracts would not be awarded. The contracts will see 70% of the work of the public probation service handed over to private and voluntary sector providers as part of Grayling's "transforming rehabilitation programme". The MoJ's Director of Procurement has confirmed to Hodge that the probation contracts include a clause under which companies are paid recompense for costs and profit if it is terminated through no fault of theirs. In October, Grayling was asked by Labour's Nick Smith to explain the MoJ's position. Alan Travis, Rajeev Syal, The Guardian.
  • Dec.2012: Prison, rehabilitation and slavery,
  • Mar.11.2013: Are Britain’s Prisons Turning Into Slave Labour Factories? Because paying someone £10 for 40 hours work doesn't sound particularly fair. Ministry of Justice, G4S, ...In the wake of the cuts, Justice Secretary Chris Grayling announced that five more public sector prisons are to be outsourced, raising the total number of privatised prisons to 16. "They’re actually handing the workforce over to private companies like G4S, so they'll be getting the money from prison labour, not the govt," Joe told me. Conservative MP Kenneth Clarke calls working prisons "altogether a more intelligent way of running the prison service". The Ministry of Justice insist that "work for offenders in prison must not be used as a direct replacement for existing jobs in the community," but things have played out slightly differently in practice. As reported by CAPS, the company Speedy Hire closed 37 depots, slashing 300 jobs, while at the same time employing 200 prisoners to service their plant hire tools. And in Aug.2012 the Guardian reported that a call centre in South Wales was bussing inmates from an open prison 21 miles away and paying them £3 a day. Those examples aside, however, most of the jobs in working prisons do largely appear to be confined to industry that would have otherwise been outsourced abroad. Organisations like the Howard League for Penal Reform, a British charity, have called on the govt to pay prisoners "real wages" for doing the jobs that would otherwise be outsourced, but however noble that might be, it seems to be completely overlooking the one thing keeping working prisons afloat: criminally cheap labour. As govt funding for the offender management sector is cut and industry professionals argue that services are adversely affected, we have to ask: Is the working prisons scheme really about rehabilitation at all? Or is it just one big exploitative cash cow that's not going to benefit any of the prisoners forced to take part when they're eventually released from jail? Alon Aviram, Vice News.
  • Mar.11.2013: See this for some background re the above article: UK Concentration Camps
  • Jan.16.2012: Prison Staff Gagged. "Rule 67 - Communications to the press. This is outrageous censorship. If the aim is to generate debate and to better inform, then prison staff should have the same opportunities to do so as I do. Prisoner Ben (Ben Gunn), Ben's Prison Blog.
  • Aug.02.2010: Prison works? The government needs to make its mind up about prison, writes Joe Black: is it to be a modern industrialised gulag or a place to modify and control offending behaviour? Taylor & Francis Online.
  • Sept.09.2009: A fair day's prison work? When work - however lousy - is preferable to staying in a cell, prisoners can easily be exploited. When a radical prisoner support group and a mainstream charity both use the word slavery to describe contemporary prison labour, the premise is worth close examination. If forced labour is akin to slavery, then both the Campaign Against Prison Slavery (Caps) and the Howard League for Penal Reform are far from wide of the mark. The Prison Reform Trust, Prisons Ombudsman and the chief inspector regularly criticise the low-paid, repetitive labour that does little to train prisoners for the competitive external labour market. Until recently, the contract for these prison shops was held by American food giant Aramark, but it lost out when the new contract was handed to Booker/DHL. The contract brings an annual turnover of £40m to the supplier, which decides what range of goods will be on offer and fixes the prices. Prisoners are also exploited on their phone calls. These cost around five times the price of those made from a public phone box. The Prison Service receive a 7% commission from BT's profits from the calls. Surveys consistently show that prisoners pay more for their shopping than the general public. Eric Allison, The Guardian.

Associated Groups


  • Nov.19.2018: Rise in prison suicides prompts calls to tackle overcrowding. Seventy-one inmates have killed themselves in English or Welsh jails so far this year. Healthcare behind bars is so poor in some prisons that offenders are dying because staff do not respond properly to medical emergencies, the Care Quality Commission said. Mental health services for the 40% of inmates who have psychological or psychiatric problems are particularly weak. Ben Quinn, The Guardian.
  • Nov.16.2018: New "Secure School" as part of a wave of new Children's Prisons. The govt has announced its plans to create a new ‘Secure School’ that will lock up children aged 12-17 as part of a bigger programme to construct more purpose-built secure schools in the coming years ahead, per David Gauke. Funding for the first Secure School will be based on maximum occupancy rates. Whoever wins the bid expects to receive £8,600,000 per year - that's some serious motivation. CW Temp, Corporate Watch. See also CW's article on the govt's Prison Estate Transformation Programme.
  • Jan.11.2019: On Probation? The Prison and Probation Service gets a new director – straight from her role running a private probation firm boasting ‘unacceptably low’ performance. Issue 1487, Private Eye.
  • Oct.07.2018: The prisoners are on the run, and a killer is hard on my heels. David Collins finds himself being outpaced by clean-living inmates at a jail that is pioneering weekly parkruns. Buckley Hall. David Collins, The Times. David's reply to my query: "I believe it started at HMP Haverigg in Cumbria. The prison staff started speaking to Parkrun the organisation and they worked out how they could adopt the race inside the prison. It then spread to two others - including Buckley Hall. They are in negotiations with several other prisons. The impact is quite extraordinary. Especially on the mental health of many I spoke to. It not only gives them exercise, but the chance to compete at something worthwhile again - which makes a difference to self-esteem. I thought it was all v impressive - and almost completely free." > Parkrun UK
  • Sept.02.2018: Drug overdoses in prison soar as more staff are caught smuggling. Prison staff are increasingly smuggling contraband into jails as ambulances are called to treat inmates every 40 minutes, often for overdoses of synthetic drugs such as Spice, new figures show. A separate freedom of information request shows that the number of prison staff caught smuggling contraband items into jails in England and Wales has increased 58% since 2012. The soaring levels of drug use in jails are believed to be costing the NHS more than £3 million a year in ambulance callouts alone. Drugs were found 35 times a day in prisons in England and Wales on average last year, while the number of finds has trebled since 2014. John Simpson, The Times. See also Steep rise in prison officers smuggling drugs into jails
  • Aug.23.2018: Prayer time in filthy Pentonville jail erupts into violence between gangs. The jail’s independent monitoring board disclosed incidents in a report highlighting that 1,200 inmates live in a prison riddled with fleas, cockroaches and mice. It said that the prison remained “porous to the trafficking of drugs, mobile phones and weapons”, mainly because of broken windows left unrepaired for more than two years. ... Richard Ford, The Times.
  • Aug.20.2018: The government knew about horrific conditions at Birmingham prison, but didn’t care. The chief inspector of prisons’ shocking report on HMP Birmingham shows that our prison estate is out of the control of authorities. The report found that inmates used drink, drugs and violence systematically. Prison gangs perpetrating violence could do so “with near impunity”. Staff experienced widespread bullying. While the inspectors were on site they witnessed an arson attack on a car in a staff car park. In December 2016, HMP Birmingham experienced the worst prison riot since 1990. But it is now as bad as it has ever been and according to Peter Clarke, the chief inspector, the worst prison he has seen. This raises important issues about the effects of privatisation, but the loss of control spreads right across the prison estate, private or public. A Panorama programme about HMP Northumberland, which is run by Sodexo, another of the 3 private contractors running UK prisons, depicted another prison that is out of control. And in a report in Jan.2018, Clarke said HMP Liverpool, which is publicly run, had the worst conditions he had seen (now overtaken in that accolade by HMP Birmingham). There are 3 main causes: the courts sending many more violent prisoners to custody than previously; the pervasive effect of spice and other drugs in prison; and the deterioration of prisoner/prison officer ratios in private and public prisons alike. There is no plan. Control will not be restored unless there is a properly funded plan to increase security and staff numbers. Prisons minister Rory Stewart pledged £10m to 10 state-run jails only three days ago. Charles Falconer, The Guardian.
  • Aug.20.2018: Failings at Birmingham prison reflect broader crisis, MOJ is warned. The government has taken control of the jail back from private firm G4S. HMP Birmingham was dramatically taken from the control of outsourcing giant G4S and returned to public governance on Monday after a damning inspection that uncovered rife drug abuse, violence and filthy conditions at the jail. Earlier this year, the high number of deaths at the prison, including suicides and drug overdoses, came under scrutiny. A 14-hour riot involving at least 500 prisoners in Dec.2016 has been cited as a pivotal point in the jail’s deterioration, although a separate investigation published on Monday revealed problems at the jail had been escalating for months prior to the disturbance. The findings, which the govt released on Monday under Freedom of Information laws after initially refusing to publish, said that controllers – MoJ representatives based in private prisons – would have been reporting to the department on escalating violence months prior to the riot in Dec.2016. Kevin Lockyer, who was appointed to run Ashfield young offender institution in 2002 after the failure of its private provider, said: “You don’t end up with Birmingham in the state it is in without somebody noticing it. These are not issues that leap out from the undergrowth". Lockyer, who was deputy governor at HMP Belmarsh, governor of HMYOI Portland and later a deputy director of the National Offender Management Service at the MoJ, said the intervention was an attempt by the ministry to look decisive. “Changing the governor – or taking over a private prison temporarily – is like changing football managers after a run of bad results: it looks good, but it doesn’t deal with any of the underlying issues,” he said. Peter Dawson, director of the Prison Reform Trust, said: “The depressing truth is that it puts Birmingham in the same category as a succession of other prisons doing the same job – trying to look after far too many people, most spending just a few weeks in custody. It shows a system as well as a prison in crisis, and it’s not getting better.” Former justice minister Phillip Lee, who resigned in June, called for a review of all govt private finance initiative (PFI) contracts and accused companies of “ripping off taxpayers”. Richard Burgon, the shadow justice secetary, called for a temporary ban on further privatisation of the justice sector. Lockyer said "This is about an underlying malaise in the prison system, driven by Ken Clarke’s and Chris Grayling’s decisions to roll over for the HM Treasury to cut massive resources very quickly". The MoJ said that the framework for monitoring the performance of private prisons includes the inspectorate, the Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) and prisons ombudsman, as well as the controllers. Both the prisons minister, Rory Stewart, and the justice secretary, David Gauke, visited Birmingham in person. Jamie Grierson, Jessica Elgot, The Guardian.
  • Aug.20.2018: Government admits role in Birmingham prison failure. Prisons minister Rory Stewart takes share of blame for poor state of G4S-run jail being taken over by MoJ. Roger Swindells, from the prison’s independent monitoring board, wrote to the MoJ about the poor state of HMP Birmingham earlier in the summer, saying both the MoJ controllers and G4S were responsible. Steve Gillan, general secretary of the Prison Officers Association called on the justice minister David Gauke to resign and said the govt should halt all prison privatisations and open a public inquiry into why the govt has missed a succession of warnings from staff. Gillan said ministers should be held responsible for privatising a prison for ideological reasons. Stewart said G4s ran other prisons well. Jessica Elgot, Rajeev Syal, The Guardian.
  • Aug.20.2018: Why HMP Birmingham has been brought back under state control. Prison formerly run by G4S is the 3rd to have management removed after inspections. The Ministry of Justice has taken the running of the prison off the hands of its contractor G4S and brought responsibility for its operation back under govt control after a damning inspection of the jail. Several inmates will be removed from the prison, which has been run by G4S since 2011, and a new governor is to be appointed. The govt has been keen to stress that this was not a renationalisation, calling the move a “step-in” and has proposed to return the prison to G4S control in 6 months. The govt has not previously taken control of a private prison mid-contract. However, in 2002 it removed a prison governor from Ashfield prison, which was run by Premier Prison Services, a private venture 50% owned by Serco. Do private prisons have a worse record than public prisons? There are 14 privately run prisons in England and Wales and about 100 public sector prisons. The prisons inspectorate regularly publishes inspection reports, which suggest the problems identified at Birmingham are not unique to private prisons. Does the govt plan to build more privately run prisons? The govt plans to build 6 new prisons designed to provide space for a further 10,000 people. So far, it has confirmed that a publicly funded prison in Wellingborough and a privately financed jail at Glen Parva in Leicestershire will go ahead, with work starting in Wellingborough at the end of the year. The remaining prisons will be a mix of private and public models. Jamie Grierson, The Guardian.
  • Aug.20.2018: MoJ seizes control of Birmingham prison from G4S. Govt steps in after report reveals shocking levels of drink, drugs and violence. The Ministry of Justice (MoJ) has been forced to take immediate control of HMP Birmingham from its contractor G4S, after a damning inspection found that prisoners used drink, drugs and violence with impunity and corridors were littered with cockroaches, blood and vomit. The state of the category B prison is likely to raise significant questions in the coming days about private sector involvement in the prison system. G4S was awarded a 15-year contract to run the prison in 2011. The chief inspector of prisons, Peter Clarke, said there had been “dramatic deterioration” since the last inspection in early 2017 and the govt should launch an urgent inquiry into the appalling state of the prison, the most violent in England and Wales and the site of riots in 2016. MoJ sources have been keen to stress the govt does not believe privatisation was at the root of the prison’s troubles, pointing out that other G4S prisons including HMP Oakwood had recently received good inspection reports. Stewart has staked his own reputation on dramatic improvements to the prison system, telling the BBC he would resign in a year if he has not managed to reduce the level of drugs and violence in 10 target jails, although Birmingham was not among them. A report by the independent monitoring board ahead of the riots had warned of the dangers posed by prisoners under the influence of psychoactive drugs including spice and black mamba. Assaults on staff at HMP Birmingham rose 84% to a record high of 164 incidents last year, according to MoJ figures. G4S also lost its contract in 2015 to run Rainsbrook STC after prison inspectors graded it inadequate, reporting that some staff behaved “extremely inappropriately” with young people. Jerry Petherick, G4S’s managing director of custody and detention services, said: “HMP Birmingham is an inner-city remand prison which faces exceptional challenges including increasingly high levels of prisoner violence towards staff and fellow prisoners. Jessica Elgot, The Guardian.
  • Jun.03.2018: Jihadists’ separation jail cells left empty for fear of lawsuits. The Prison Service is failing to lock up terrorists in the “separation centres” created for them, because it fears being sued for breaching their “human rights”, prison sources say. Prison and Probation Service guidelines say referrals must be “legally defensible”. Ian Acheson, the counterterrorism expert hired to investigate prison extremism, yesterday warned the justice secretary, David Gauke, of the “scale of the threat”, saying the “apparent slowness of the response is concerning”. “Prisons are incubators of extremism. [Gauke] must make sure there is no foot-dragging.” Richard Kerbaj, The Sunday Times.
  • Jan.06.2018: Do forgive us women if we don’t agree John Worboys has paid his debt. Critics of the attacker’s early release have been called over-emotional. But it is not irrational to be angry about a system that brings so few offenders to justice. The original police investigation, which was so useless that the Met has felt forced to take two of Worboys’ victims to the Supreme Court to avoid having to pay them compensation. We will not get the full reasons behind the parole board’s decision. Worboys was sentenced for 19 offences relating to 12 women, not for the 100+ others police think he may have committed, nor for potential offences relating to any of the 75 women who came forward after his conviction. there are so many conversations to be had about rape law... Marina Hude, The Guardian.
  • 2018.01.07: An expected 2% growth in the prison population, in a country that already has one of the highest rates of imprisonment. (Sessions has neen pushing for aggressive prosecution).
    • That's what happens when you turn it into a for profit business with a corrupt jurist weasel like Jeff Sessions the most morally bankrupt and racist piece of shit in the DOJ @TheRynheart
  • UK Justice Policy Review,
  • 2017.12.18: Prison policy: delivery and reform,
  • Feb.13.2017: The Guardian view on Britain’s prison crisis: quick fixes solve nothing. Panorama’s investigation at HMP Northumberland shows a system that is failing to achieve even the most basic of penal goals. Justice secretary, Liz Truss. ... The answers include more money, better-trained staff, drone controls, drug treatment orders and facilities, better regimes, including alternatives, and changes in sentencing guidelines. Editorial, The Guardian.
  • Nov.2015: Stop Prison Expansion. In Nov.2015, the govt announced a plan to build 9 new prisons. Five of these are to be built by 2020 and several "Victorian" prisons are to close. The most recently announced is a proposed prison in Greater Manchester. This is not a huge surprise to the #Community Action on Prison Expansion (CAPE) campaign. The state are following the report from David Cameron's “favorite think tank”, Policy Exchange, in its "Future Prisons" report. The first of these prisons, the North Wales Prison Project, was granted final planning permission in Nov.2014. It will be the second largest prison in Europe, warehousing more than 2,100 prisoners. This aim of this article is to explore the govt's claims in more depth, and bust some of the myths around prisons in the UK. It is clear that prison expansion is an escalation of the war on the poor and must be resisted. Cape Campaign.
  • Feb.02.2015: ‘Slave labor’: Prisoners to manufacture British Army gear. The govt is to introduce new plans forcing prisoners to manufacture equipment for the British Army in order to teach inmates "the value of hard work” and save the govt money “during times of austerity". The plan would mean prisoners could be forced to make training tools for soldiers, including sandbags, fence posts and other non-lethal equipment. According to Justice Secretary Chris Grayling, the program will also provide prisoners with real life skills to help them once they are released. "During times of austerity we’re always looking at ways to be more efficient and this is a fantastic initiative," said Minister for Defence Equipment, Support & Technology Phillip Dunne. Tony Gentile, Reuters.|
  • 2013.04.10: It Is Not A Game: The Enslavement Society, Corporate Greed & Private Prisons (USA),
  • 2008.03: The Prison Industry in the United States: Big Business or a New Form of Slavery?[6]
  • May.24.2002: Director of privatised prison removed. The head of the prison service yesterday took the unprecedented step of removing the director of privatised Ashfield prison and young offenders' institution amid growing concerns about the safety of inmates and staff. After three unannounced visits to the jail at Pucklechurch, near Bristol, Mr Narey said he had been very concerned about the unsafe conditions for both staff and prisoners and had feared Premier Custodial Services could "lose effective control". "I've made several visits and I was concerned about a lot of young men who should have been busy and active were locked in their cells. Too few were in education and there was very little learning going on among those who were in classes." he added. The current governor of Portland prison in Dorset, Kevin Lockyer, has taken over. Rebecca Allison, The Guardian.
  • ToDo: Lots more stuff here: link


  1. ^ Justice secretary details National Offender Management Service changes. Jim Dunton, Civil Service World, Feb.09.2017.
  2. ^ About NOMS: Our organisational structure. NOMS, Home Office, Dec.01.2008.
  3. ^ Reorganisation of the Ministry of Justice. (, Ministry of Justice, Jan.29.2008.
  4. ^ The creation of the Ministry of Justice. HoC Constitutional Affairs Committee,, Jul.26.2007.
  5. ^ Managing Offenders, Reducing Crime. Patrick Carter, Cabinet Office, Dec.11.2003.
  6. ^ The Prison Industry in the United States: Big Business or a New Form of Slavery? Vicky Peláez, Global Research, Mar.10.2008.