UK Independence Party
UKIP is a hard Eurosceptic, right to far-right political party, founded in 1993 by members of the Anti-Federalist League with the principle aim of securing UK withdrawal from the EU, although in its earliest years it failed to make much of an electoral impact, being eclipsed in particular at GE-1997 by the Referendum Party. However, by 1999 it was in a position to win 7% of the vote at the European Parliament elections, when the newly-introduced regional list system of PR delivered the party its first 3 MEPs, including a former City trader by the name of Nigel Farage. The party’s support and influence has grown since then, with the often controversial Farage taking the reins as leader in 2006, and retaining that role on-and-off for most of the ensuing decade.
By 2009, UKIP had evolved to a point where it would come second at that year’s European election and it won nearly 1m votes at GE-2010. Many of its supporters were disgruntled ex-Conservatives who were unimpressed at that party’s failure to take a sufficiently robust line in opposition to the EU. UKIP succeeded in pushing concerns about the EU higher up the political agenda, and arguably their biggest impact was to pressure the Conservatives – and David Cameron in particular – into pledging an In/Out referendum on Britain’s membership in 2013. Even then, UKIP's support continued to grow, causing a profound political shock by topping the poll at the 2014 European Election and winning the votes of nearly 4m people at GE-2015, virtually all of whom will have been persuaded to vote Leave at the referendum.
- House of Lords (1): Malcolm Pearson, Baron Pearson of Rannoch
- European Parliament (4): John Stuart Agnew, East of England ; § Gerard Batten, London; § Jane Collins, Yorkshire & Humber; Raymond Finch, South East England
- Welsh Assembly (3): Neil Hamilton, Gareth Bennett, David Rowlands.ref
- London Assembly (1): David Kurten
- Apr.28.2019: Now UKIP candidate who said he 'wouldn't even rape' a Labour MP says it's OK to sexually abuse boys. A senior Ukip source passed a dossier to Wiltshire police in Autumn 2018. It includes a YouTube broadcast in which Mr Benjamin says: ‘I can be quoted as saying you can f*** young boys. The documents also include a racist pornographic tweet Benjamin posted showing a white woman having sex with three black men, under which he wrote: ‘So this is your sister.’ Glen Owen, Mail on Sunday.
- Apr.25.2019: UKIP’s Star Candidate Has A Long History Of Using Racial Slurs Against Minorities In YouTube Videos. Carl Benjamin, known on YouTube as "Sargon of Akkad", has repeatedly used the n-word and anti-gay slurs. Last year he suggested Jewish people use the Holocaust to engage in identity politics. Mark Di Stefano, Alex Wickham, BuzzFeed.
- Apr.20.2019: Here's a video clip of Carl Benjamin that I don't think is getting enough attention. In talking about genetics and behaviour, he says "blacks are more prone to violence" and suggests that should be considered in letting them in to the country. (referenced from This from UKIP. Maybe it is time to stop appeasing these people and stop Brexit.) Mike Stuchbery, Twitter.
- Apr.18.2019: UKIP candidate Carl Benjamin defends tweeting rape "jokes" at female MPs. And UKIP supporters in the audience applaud. How has a tiny extremist party that puts up such people as candidates been able to play such a destructive role in UK politics over the past few years?(video) Cornwall for Europe, Twitter.
- Jan.03.2018: DailyMail Married UKIP leader's new self-styled 'Bad Girl of Brexit' girlfriend, 25, launched foul rant about Grenfell victims labelling the tower a 'nest of immigrants'. Henry Bolton started a relationship with Jo Marney, a party member from Kent. Miss Marney has posted Facebook pictures of her and Mr Bolton together. Mr Bolton admitted relationship to members, but denied a 'clandestine affair'. Model has posted toxic political views online, slamming Grenfell victims. She defended relationship on Facebook, saying they 'make each other happy'. John Stevens, Richard Spillett, Daily Mail.
- Mar.25.2019: East Yorkshire-based UKIP MEPs have some of worst voting records in European Parliament Since 2014 Mr Hookem, who is UKIP's deputy leader, has only taken part in 68.9% of votes in the parliament. That ranks him 721st out of 751 MEPs. Angus Young, Hull Live.
- Mar.25.2019: East Yorkshire-based UKIP MEPs have some of worst voting records in European Parliament Ms Colliins has a 75.5% participation record in voting, making her the 689th most active MEP in the rankings. She hasn't spoken in a parliamentary session for 19 months; the last question she asked in a parliamentary session was back in Dec.2015. Angus Young, Hull Live.
- Feb.17.2018: Who Is Gerard Batten? MEP Who Called Islam A 'Death Cult' Appointed As Ukip's Interim Leader. Gerard Batten has taken over from ousted Henry Bolton, who lost his position after nearly two thirds of members backed his sacking at an Extraordinary General Meeting on Saturday. Kathryn Snowdon, HuffPost.
- Sept.14.2020: New UKIP Leader Neil Hamilton Thinks Climate Change is a 'Hoax'. Former Tory MP and prominent climate science denier Neil Hamilton has been appointed UKIP’s interim leader. A member of the Welsh Parliament and its Climate Change, Environment and Rural Affairs Committee, Hamilton last year branded global warming “another age of fad and fancy” and claimed there was “no correlation” between carbon dioxide and global temperature rise. Hamilton, 71, is the party’s 7th leader in four years after Freddy Vachha was suspended only three months into the role. Phoebe Cook, DeSmogUK.
- Oct.04.2018: UKIP has become too vile even for its own extremists. MEP Bill Etheridge is the latest to desert the party as it ramps up the ugly anti-Muslim rhetoric. Fellow MEP William Dartmouth abandoned UKIP last week. Consider Etheridge's sorry record... UKIP has driven hard into far-right territory under leader Gerard Batten, who has actively courted anti-Muslim figurehead Tommy Robinson in an obsessional quest against Islam (which he calls “Mohammedanism”). David Lawrence, The Guardian.
- May.17.2018: UKIP ousts Neil Hamilton as Welsh Assembly leader. Former Tory MP Neil Hamilton has been ousted as leader of the UKIP group at the Welsh Assembly after an often controversial two years. Hamilton was chosen as leader in 2016 when UKIP won 7 seats at the Assembly elections. He promised to use his experience as Westminster minister to give UKIP maximum impact and shake up the Senedd. Tension has grown in the group after UKIP AM Michelle Brown was excluded from the Welsh Assembly without pay for a week over a racial slur she made against a Labour MP. Hamilton resisted the suspension, accusing Assembly members of trying to police each other’s private lives. Hamilton is replaced by Caroline Jones, an Assembly member for south-west Wales. Steven Morris, The Guardian.
- Mar.26.2018: It’s cash-strapped and chaotic, but UKIP is needed more than ever. Gawain Towler, The Times.
- Jan.27.2018: Banks Says Join Tories - 'COS UKIP’S BUST. UKIP backer Arron Banks, another whose supposed wealth may not be quite as grand as he would like everyone to believe, decided to have an “Oh What A Giveaway” moment and let the cat out of the bag in no style at all, confirming the money had run out. Tim Fenton, Zelo Street.
- Jan.26.2018: The power of love: Henry Bolton isn’t the only politician thwarted by a scandalous affair. In 2004, when Boris Johnson left the Conservative front bench over claims surrounding his affair with Petronella Wyatt, The Guardian declared: "The episode brings an end to an unlikely but uniquely engaging political career." How wrong they were. Fran Yeoman, The iNews.
- Jan.26.2018: UKIP Loses All 17 Councillors In Thurrock, as they ditch party to form new local group "The Thurrock Independents". Tim Aker, Graham Snell (leader) Jack Sommers, HuffPost News.
- Jan.26.2018: Bad development for @UKIP. @Arron_Banks has emailed all @LeaveEUOfficial members urging them to quit UKIP and join the Tories to influence the Brexit negotiations. @OwenJBennett, Twitter.
- Jan.23.2018: Henry Bolton’s girlfriend didn’t bring down Ukip – the party’s racism problem did that. List of Ukip leaders Sept.2016 to Jan.22, girlfriend scandal, 11 MPs resigned. Anoosh Chakelian, New Statesman.
- Jan.20.2018: UKIP facing bankruptcy if leadership election to replace Henry Bolton goes ahead. The fate of UKIP’s embattled leader hangs in the balance as the party’s ruling body meets to hold a secret meeting to decide his fate. Steve Bird, The Guardian.
- Jan.20.2018: UKIP - Beginning Of The End. Too skint to hold another leadership election, membership numbers in freefall, and with the departure of Jonathan Arnott, another MEP lost, UKIP faces that final curtain. Tim Fenton, Zelo Street.
- Jan.19.2018: Does the demise of UKIP offer a lifeline to embattled Tories? If the party dies this weekend which other party is going to benefit from its demise. David Hencke, David Hencke blog.
- Jan.17.2018: UKIP "is on the brink of bankruptcy. Party faces fresh crisis as senior party figures demand radical cost-cutting to keep it afloat. UKIP's recent accounts show it was £380,630 in debt before last year’s election. Party’s MEPs Stuart Agnew and Bill Etheridge have planned proposals for change. They warned: radical structural change and control of expenses will save UKIP. John Stevens, TheDaily Mail.
- Jan.12.2018: Nigel Farage MEP has salary docked to recoup misspent EU funds. After an European Parliament investigation, which found that he had misspent public funds intended for staffing his office, Nigel Farage had his salary docked by 50% between Jan–Oct. in order to recoup €40,000. Jennifer Rankin, The Guardian.
- Jan.08.2018: Full scale Civil War is erupting in #UKIP. The revolt against their new leader Henry Bolton is building. Looks like another Leadership Election. @FarRightWatch, Twitter.
- Oct.30.2017: UKIP whistleblowers raised fears about Breitbart influence on Brexit. Two UKIP whistleblowers filed complaints to the Electoral Commission over fears the party was making “unusual arrangements” with pro-Trump website Breitbart before the EU referendum. The concerns included allegations that individuals paid by Breitbart were working as senior unpaid UKIP volunteers. The Electoral Commission referred the complaints to the Metropolitan police, who decided to take no further action. Separately, Labour MP Ben Bradshaw called on the govt to investigate the possible role “dark money” played in the EU referendum, including concerns of foreign interference in the Jun.23 vote. Steve Bannon, who has a close relationship with former UKIP leader Nigel Farage, served as executive chair of Breitbart at the time. Multiple sources said that they were alarmed by what they viewed as a “deliberate strategy” by Breitbart to wield influence over UKIP in ways that emphasised views against migrants and other far-right positions. Sources pointed to Farage’s close relationship with Bannon and Breitbart, and work that was performed by lawyer Matthew Richardson, who served as UKIP's party secretary and was close to Bannon. Richardson suggested in late 2014 that ahead of GE-2015 UKIP could make use of the services of US-based electoral data company Voter Gravity, that would not have to be paid for by UKIP and would be provided as a donation-in-kind. Raheem Kassam was also seen as a link between UKIP and Breitbart. Stephanie Kirchgaessner, Nick Hopkins, The Guardian.
- Oct.30.2017: Brexit: MP demands Met Police investigate Breitbart 'donations' to UKIP in run up to EU referendum. Individuals paid by the right-wing US news organisation were working as senior unpaid UKIP volunteers, it is alleged. Rob Merrick, The Independent.
- Oct.18.2017: Fines issued by Electoral Commission for breaches of campaign finance rules. The Commission has fined UKIP £1,000 for delivering one of its weekly donations and loans reports late in the run up to GE-2017. Electoral Commission.
- Oct.03.2017: UKIP faces copyright battle with Premier League over similar lion logo. Eleanor Gibson, De Zeen.
- Sept.29.2017: New UKIP logo lands party in Premier League copyright row. UKIP have denied their new lion-based party logo risks breaching the copyright of other prominent symbols, including the Premier League's. Some suggested the new UKIP symbol mirrors the logo of Northern Ireland's Democratic Unionist Party, or even far-right group Britain First. Greg Heffer, Sky News.
- May.14.2017: UKIP's general secretary Matthew Richardson, also happens to be the Mercers' lawyer. Andy Wigmore also said that Mercer had been "happy to help" and that Cambridge Analytica had given its services to the campaign for free. It was UKIP's general secretary, lawyer Matthew Richardson, who introduced CA. Wigmore said "We had a guy called Matthew Richardson who'd known Nigel Farage for a long time, and he's always looked after the Mercers. The Mercers had said that here's this company that we think might be useful." @CaroleCadwalla, Twitter.
- Apr.11.2017: Ambassador of Ukraine to the UK Natalia Galibarenko sent a letter to UKIP Leader Paul Nuttall expressing strong protest to the visit of UKIP members to the temporarily occupied Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Nigel Sussman and Richard Wood of UKIP violated Ukrainian & International Law by visiting occupied Crimea and meeting so-called Crimean leadership on Mar.19-21.2017. Embassy of Ukraine to the United Kingdom.
- Feb.01.2017: Nigel Farage among UKIP MEPs accused of misusing EU funds. UKIP MEPs Nigel Farage, Paul Nuttall, Roger Helmer, Raymond Finch, Jonathan Arnott, Louise Bours, James Carver and Margot Parker were investigated by OLAF for misuse of funds. Jennifer Rankin, The Guardian. See also Politico.
- Jan.09.2017: UKIP's EU funding at risk after M5S quits Nigel Farage's Brussels group. Italy’s Five Star Movement votes to ditch Eurosceptics in European parliament, but fails to forge new alliance with liberal group. Jennifer Rankin, The Guardian.
- Jul.2015: Former MEP Ashley Mote jailed over expenses fraud. Ashley Mote, former UKIP MEP, was sentenced to 5 years in jail. He was convicted of 12 charges in May; the offences included fraud, acquiring criminal property and false accounting, between Nov.2004–Jul.2010. BBC News.
- Apr.15.2015: UKIP Says UK Is "Unnecessarily At Loggerheads" With Russia Over Ukraine. Nigel Farage thinks the UK should not be offering assistance to Ukraine. Jamie Ross, BuzzFeed News.
- Mar.20.2015: Farage 'deeply shocked' over expenses fraud claim involving UKIP MEP. UKIP leader Nigel Farage says Janice Atkinson's future in party hangs in balance after she was filmed accepting falsified restaurant receipt. The decision to withdraw the whip from Atkinson comes less than two months after UKIP suspended Amjad Bashir MEP over financial matters just before he defected to the Conservative party. Rajeev Syal, The Guardian.
- Apr.23.2014: Revolt on the Right by Robert Ford and Matthew Goodwin – review. Ford and Goodwin's fact-packed study takes a compelling look at how UKIP became a threat to both Labour and the Tory party, fuelling the rise of the radical right in Britain. David Edgar, The Guardian.