Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy

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"BIS’s capital spending on science was above £1bn in 2014-15 and this is expected to continue until 2021. The Dept has not used good quality information to decide which science capital projects to invest in to optimise scientific and economic benefits. We regard this, and other shortcomings, as undermining BIS's ability to prioritise and deliver value for money on its capital funding of scientific research."
— Amyas Morse, head of the National Audit Office, Mar.10.2016


Responsible for the UK's Industrial Strategy, ref, ref, ref
Responsible for UK Government policy in the following areas:

  • Business regulation and support
  • Climate change
  • Company law
  • Competition (economics)|Competition
  • Consumer affairs
  • Corporate governance
  • Energy Policy
  • Employment relations
  • Export licensing
  • Innovation
  • Insolvency
  • Intellectual property
  • Outer space
  • Post office affairs
  • Regional and local economic development
  • Science and research
  • Trade

... devolution...

High Profile Groups

Nuclear Industry Council

The Nuclear Industry Council (NIC) was re-established in Feb.2017. Among its responsibilities is oversight of the development and delivery of a nuclear Sector Deal as part of the Government’s modern Industrial Strategy.

Originally set up to deliver the 2012 nuclear Industrial Strategy, the previous NIC delivered valuable work in key areas including cost reduction, skills and public understanding of nuclear energy.

See also: Nuclear Power Policy

Non-Ministerial Departments

Competition & Markets Authority

The CMA is a non-ministerial govt department, responsible for strengthening business competition and preventing and reducing anti-competitive activities. The CMA began operations in Apr.2014, when it combined many of the functions of the Competition Commission and Office of Fair Trading, which were abolished in the same month.
See main article: Competition & Markets Authority

HM Land Registry

If privatised, the Land Registry would be outside of the reach of Freedom of Information requests, as well as beyond the reach of most people, due to the costs of access.

  • Feb.08.2017: Thanks to the Housing White Paper, an open Land Registry is now much closer. Only last summer, it looked like the Land Registry could be privatised. Getting the Ordnance Survey to also buy in to efforts to open up land ownership data is crucial. One digital mapping guru has called Ordnance Survey “the great vampire squid wrapped around the face of UK public-interest technology”. OS licensing restricts the publication of maps showing land parcels. Getting OS to accept Open Data principles on land ownership mapping is going to be tough, but for Ministers to be calling for it is a welcome push in that direction. This is wonderful news. It means the Land Registry will be releasing, for free, data on who owns tens of millions of acres of England and Wales. Every company, every corporate body, every offshore firm that owns a patch of land here will suddenly be open to the light of public scrutiny. It’s not everything, of course. As they make clear, private individuals will be exempt – and remember, that includes the Duke of Westminster (owner of 140,000 acres) and Prince Charles (owner of 130,000 acres via the Duchy of Cornwall), because their vast estates are registered in their personal names. And they’re just the tip of the iceberg. Housing White Paper under the Conservatives (May) govt. Guy Shrubsole, Who Owns England?.
  • Mar.14.2016: How to use Land Registry data to explore land ownership near you. Information about registered land is not freely available – you have to pay the Land Registry £3 to find out who holds any piece of land. But not many people know that you can use Land Registry data to explore land ownership near you, easily and for free. You can’t see who owns what without paying, but you can see the shape of the land that is registered. This post is about how you can legally explore land ownership near you. No programming knowledge needed. Anna x, Anna's Blog.

Office of Gas & Electricity Markets

The Gas and Electricity Markets Authority (GEMA) was established in 2000 to regulate the gas and electricity industries in Great Britain. GEMA's principal objective is "to protect the interests of consumers by promoting effective competition". OfGem supports the Authority in its role. Well, that's working really well, isn't it. ref
See main article: Office of Gas & Electricity Markets

Executive Agencies

Companies House

Companies House is the UK's registrar of companies and is an executive agency and trading fund of Her Majesty's Government. It falls under the remit of the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy,) and is also a member of the Public Data Group. All forms of companies (as permitted by the United Kingdom Companies Act) are incorporated and registered with Companies House and file specific details as required by the current Companies Act 2006. All registered limited companies, including subsidiary, small and inactive companies, must file annual financial statements in addition to annual company returns, which are all public records. Only some registered unlimited companies (meeting certain conditions) are exempt from this requirement. (WP)

Companies House moves company data off open access and into a Pay-Only database, about 5-6 years after a company has dissolved. Since many corporations use the trick of incorporating a new company and dissolving the old one in order to break the link, this has the result of slamming the door shut for anyone interested in historical filings. These actions are not in line with the principle of Open Access.

An analysis by Global Witness revealed that thousands of companies are filing highly suspicious entries or not complying with the rules. The UK introduced the world’s first fully open register of the real owners of its companies in 2016, leading the world in the fight against corruption. While the register has the potential to make it much more difficult for criminals and the corrupt to launder dirty cash through UK companies, new analysis shows significant issues with ensuring data quality and compliance. To tackle this problem, Companies House needs clear responsibility and more resource to police the register, enabling it to fulfill its potential to fight crime.[1]

Insolvency Service

The Insolvency Service administers compulsory company liquidations and personal bankruptcies and deals with misconduct through investigation of companies and enforcement. It also makes redundancy payments in cases where a company is insolvent.
The Insolvency Service is partly a levy on insolvency practitioners,ref partly by case administration fees, and partly by the taxpayer. The Redundancy Payments Scheme is wholly funded by the taxpayer.ref "Insolvency Practitions are required to act in the best interests of the creditors, and part of that may involve reducing the risk of disgruntled ex-employees taking legal action against the insolvent company."ref

Intellectual Property Office

The IPO is the official govt body responsible for intellectual property (IP) rights including patents, designs, trade marks and copyright.

Company Names Tribunal

We deal with complaints about cases where a company name is registered for the primary purpose of preventing someone else with legitimate interest from registering it, or demanding payment from them to release it.

Met Office

  • Mar.06.2018: Met Office chief Rob Varley quit in middle of the storm. The head of the Met Office, Rob Varley, stepped down from his role as chief executive last Thursday after an investigation identified mismanagement relating to spending controls and governance. Mr Varley left after a conversation with Alex Chisholm, permanent secretary at the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy. Nick Jobling, deputy chief executive and chief finance officer, has become interim chief executive. Ben Webster, The Times.

UK Space Agency

The UK Space Agency is responsible for the UK's civil space programme. It was established in Apr.2010 to replace the British National Space Centre, and took over responsibility for govt policy and key budgets for space exploration, and represents the UK in all negotiations on space matters. The Agency is based at the former BNSC headquarters in Swindon, Wiltshire. In Nov.2018, it was announced that the Agency will manage British satellites following Brexit.

Executive Non-Departmental Public Bodies

Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service

Acas gives employees and employers free, impartial advice on workplace rights, rules and best practice. It also offers training and help to resolve disputes.
See main article: Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service

British Hallmarking Council

Civil Nuclear Police Authority

Created by the Energy Act 2004 to protect nuclear sites and materials. The Act also created the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority.

Coal Authority

The Coal Authority is a govt agency which was established in 1994 with responsibility for the licensing of coal mining operations in Britain, and handling environmental impacts such as subsidence claims and wastewater discharges from disused mines. It also provides the public with information on coal mining operations. ... ...

ToDo: National Coal Board + British Coal

Committee on Climate Change

The Committee on Climate Change (CCC) was formed under the Climate Change Act 2008 to advise on tackling and preparing for climate change. It provides advice on setting carbon budgets, and reports regularly on the progress made in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Committee on Climate ChangeWikipedia-W.svg,

Competition Service

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority

The NDA was created by the Energy Act 2004 (which also created the #Civil Nuclear Police Authority). Its role is strategic: it establishes the overall approach, allocates budgets, sets targets and monitors progress. The actual cleaning up is done through contracts with Site Licence Companies. There are currently 17 historic (1940s-1970s) nuclear sites being decommissioned,ref which involves decommissioning and demolishing all buildings, as well as treatment and disposal of associated waste. ref
Every 3 years, the NDA "takes stock" and produces a Radioactive Waste Inventory of wastes and materials; the next one is due in 2019. This information is also submitted to the European Union and the International Atomic Energy Agency.ref See also Dealing with our nuclear past, protecting the future. In what universe is "storing spent fuel" protecting the future? Businesses: Business Plan 2018-2021, ref

  • Aug.06.2018: UK consults on radioactive nuclear waste management strategy. The UK is seeking views on a strategy that will apply to all radioactive waste generation within the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority Group. The document states: “This will deliver benefits through the provision of a more integrated approach to radioactive waste management; development of proportionate, risk based waste management approaches; better co-ordination across the industry and reduced lifecycle costs.” Pruyanka Shrestha, Energy Live News.
  • Jul.31.2018: Nuclear waste could be stored under national parks, say MPs. They believe the safe disposal of nuclear waste is more important than environmental concerns. Radioactive nuclear waste could be stored in vaults and tunnels located deep underground in national parks and areas of outstanding natural beauty (AONBs) in the UK. MPs on the Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Committee have backed government proposals for a Geological Disposal Infrastructure (GDI), made up of multiple layers of materials such as steel, rock and clay to provide protection and secure waste at least 200 metres underground. The GDI would store higher activity radioactive waste that cannot be deposited at existing surface facilities on a permanent basis. The Campaign to Protect Rural England said it hopes the government will look again at “how inappropriate” geological disposal facilities would be in designated landscapes. “We know that where such major development takes place, we destroy beautiful landscapes and ruin our opportunity to pass on a beautiful piece of countryside to the next generation.” Caroline Lucas, Co-Leader of the Green Party said the thought of burying nuclear waste in national parks was “outrageous” and suggested the future is in “clean, renewables energy like wind and solar” rather than nuclear power. Greenpeace UK added: “As we have cleaner, safer and cheaper alternatives available, it’s mystifying why the UK, alone amongst major western nations, insists on propping up this obsolete 20th century technology.” Priyanka Shrestha, Energy Live News.

Low Level Waste Repository

The Low Level Waste Repository is the UK’s national facility for the disposal of Low Level Radioactive Waste. It is near Drigg, Cumbria, a site owned by the NDA.
LLW Repository Ltd manages the Low Level Waste Repository. LLWR Ltd was formed in 2007 to hold the Nuclear Site Licence for the Repository. In 2008, UK Nuclear Waste Management Ltd, an international consortium of AECOM (75%), Studsvik (15%), and Orano Cycle (10%), won the 17-year contract to act as Parent Body Organisation with responsibility for operating and managing LLWR.A/cs Mar.31.2018 p.3
LLWR Ltd holds the Nuclear Site Licence and the environmental permit which allow the facility to operate (iow, it is the Site Licence Company). LLWR Ltd also manages the Waste Services, a set of commercial frameworks which provide alternative treatment and disposal routes to disposal in the LLWR. Additionally, LLWR Ltd also runs the National Low Level Waste Programme on behalf of the NDA. ref, p.3,5

Radioactive Waste Management
The Radioactive Waste Management group applies for and holds regulatory permits and licences required for the siting, construction and operation of geological disposal facilities.
  • May.24.2018: Governments consider views on geological disposal. Radioactive Waste Management Ltd. See also Campaign
  • Direct Rail Services Ltd:OpenCorporates-sm.svg operates rail freight transport of high-hazard material around the UK. Website
  • International Nuclear Services Ltd:OpenCorporates-sm.svg provides specialist nuclear transport, design and licensing services. INS also manages the NDA's inherited fuel cycle contracts with UK and overseas customers, as well as operating Pacific Nuclear Transport Ltd, the world’s most experienced nuclear shipping company. Website logo
    • Pacific Nuclear Transport Ltd:OpenCorporates-sm.svg has 3 ships that are dedicated to transporting the highest classification (INF3) of nuclear material. PNT sails out of Barrow port. Website
  • NDA Archives Ltd:OpenCorporates-sm.svg responsible for the nuclear archive Nucleus (Nuclear and Caithness Archives) that has been built in Wick, Caithness to manage the nuclear industry's records. The archive is operated by commercial partner Restore Digital Ltd,OpenCorporates-sm.svg with records management and archiving expertise. link
  • NDA Properties Ltd:OpenCorporates-sm.svg holds and manages the majority of the non-nuclear property assets; it also manages some selective property developments that "support the NDA’s wider objectives'. Full list of properties (Dec.2019).
  • Rutherford Indemnity Ltd:OpenCorporates-sm.svg provides insurance cover for the NDA and its estate. It has a particular focus on nuclear liability cover. It is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the NDA, and is registered in Guernsey (why?). Flag-Guernsey.svg
  • Sellafield Ltd:OpenCorporates-sm.svg the Site Licence Company responsible for the operation of Sellafield site in Cumbria. Sellafield Ltd transferred to NDA ownership on Apr.01.2016. Website logo

Small Business Commissioner

UK Atomic Energy Authority

UKAEA is a UK government research organisation responsible for the development of nuclear fusion power.

UK Research & Innovation

Research Councils UK (RCUK) was founded in 2002 as an umbrella organisation for coordinating the 7 Research Councils, which are responsible for funding and coordinating academic research for the arts, humanities, science and engineering. Due to govt departmental re-organisation in 2009, RCUK metamorphosed into UK Research and Innovation (UKRI).

UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) directs research funding. It was established under the Higher Education and Research Act 2017, and brings together the current 7 Research Councils, plus Innovate UK, and the Research and Knowledge Exchange functions of the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFC), in one unified body. It became operative as of Apr.01.2018.

ToDo: See this page "How to describe..." for some info text, and this page re info in each council'.)

Arts and Humanities Research Council

The Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) funds independent researchers in a wide range of subjects from history, archaeology, digital content, philosophy, languages, design, heritage, performing arts, etc.

Established in Apr.2005 as the successor to the Arts and Humanities Research Board (founded in 1998), AHRC is a non-departmental public body that provides govt funding to support research and postgraduate study in the arts and humanities. Annually, the AHRC makes ~700 research awards and~1,350 postgraduate awards. Postgraduate funding is organised through Doctoral Training Partnerships in 10 consortia that bring together a total of 72 higher education institutions throughout the UK. Awards are made after a peer review process, to ensure that only applications of the highest quality are funded.

Biotechnology & Biological Sciences Research Council

Our vision is to lead world-class 21st century bioscience, promoting innovation in the bioeconomy and realising benefits for society within and beyond the UK. To promote and support, by any means, high-quality basic, strategic and applied research and related postgraduate training relating to the understanding and exploitation of biological systems.
See main article: Biotechnology & Biological Sciences Research Council

Economic & Social Research Council

ESRC is the UK's largest organisation for funding research on economic and social issues. We support independent, high quality research which has an impact on business, the public sector and civil society.

At any one time ESRC supports over 4,000 researchers and postgraduate students in academic institutions and independent research institutes. Although publicly funded, our Royal Charter emphasises the importance of independence and impartial research. We have no 'in-house' researchers, but distribute funds to academics in universities and other institutes throughout the UK.

Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council

EPSRC is the main UK govt agency for funding research and training in engineering and the physical sciences, investing more than £800m a year in a broad range of subjects - from mathematics to materials science, and from information technology to structural engineering.

Medical Research Council

The MRC is at the forefront of scientific discovery to improve human health. Their scientists tackle some of the greatest health problems facing humanity in the 21st century, from the rising tide of chronic diseases associated with ageing to the threats posed by rapidly mutating micro-organisms. We invest in research on behalf of the UK taxpayer. Our research has resulted in life-changing discoveries for over a hundred years. Scientists apply to the MRC for funding for their research and applications are reviewed by panels of independent experts. Our work ranges from laboratory research, for example on genes and molecules, right through to research with people, such as clinical trials and population studies.

The MRC is responsible for co-coordinating and funding medical research in the United Kingdom. It is part of UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), which came into operation Apr.01.2018, and brings together the UK’s 7 research councils, Innovate UK and Research England. UK Research and Innovation is answerable to, although politically independent from, the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy.
The MRC improves the health of people in the UK - and around the world - by supporting excellent science, and training the very best scientists.

ToDo: Structure

Natural Environment Research Council

NERC is the driving force of investment in environmental science. Their leading research, skills and infrastructure help solve major issues and bring benefits to the UK, such as affordable clean energy, air pollution, and resilience of our infrastructure. We are the driving force of investment in environmental science in the UK. NERC advances the frontier of environmental science by commissioning new research, infrastructure and training that delivers valuable scientific breakthroughs. We do this because understanding our changing planet is vital for our wellbeing and economic prosperity. We invest public money in world-leading science, designed to help us sustain and benefit from our natural resources, predict and respond to natural hazards and understand environmental change. We work closely with policymakers and industry to make sure our knowledge can support sustainable economic growth and wellbeing in the UK and around the world.
British Geological Survey
The BGS is a partly publicly-funded body which aims to advance geoscientific knowledge of the UK landmass and its continental shelf by means of systematic surveying, monitoring and research. The BGS does not get all of its funding from the govt – it has to compete for outside funding sources, which inevitably attracts industry cash. "The only organisation who fully understands the subsurface of the UK is the BGS and if truly independent advice is to be secured then the BGS must be "free from the shackles of needing to earn money".ref

Science & Technology Facilities Council

STFC is a multi-disciplinary science organisation. Its research seeks to understand the Universe from the largest astronomical scales to the tiniest constituents of matter, yet creates impact on a very tangible, human scale. our goal is to deliver economic, societal, scientific and international benefits to the UK and its people – and more broadly to the world. We support an academic community of around 1,700 in particle physics, nuclear physics, and astronomy including space science, who work at 50+ universities and research institutes in the UK, Europe, Japan and the USA, including a rolling cohort of 900+ PhD students.

Research England

Research England is a body with England-only responsibilities of #HEFCE in relation to research and knowledge exchange. In addition to "REF", it is leading on a new knowledge exchange framework "KEF". The Higher Education and Research Act 2017 established Research England as a Council of UK Research & Innovation. Research England is responsible for funding, engaging with and understanding English higher education institutions. Research England is formed of the Research and Knowledge Exchange functions of the former HEFCE. This includes oversight of the Research Excellence Framework and the UK Research Partnership Investment Fund.

Innovate UK

Innovate UK is the operating name of the Technology Strategy Board. It operates at arm's length from govt, reporting to BEIS, and is now part of UK Research and Innovation. The Technology Strategy Board fully adopted the name Innovate UK in Aug.2014. Innovate UK works with people, companies and partner organisations to find and drive the science and technology innovations that will grow the UK economy.

Catapult Centres are "Technology and Innovation Centres" set up from 2011 onwards to promote research and development through business-led collaboration between scientists and engineers to exploit market opportunities. The centres receive core funding grants of £10m per year for 5 years from public funds, but are also expected to seek commercial funding. Catapult centresWikipedia-W.svg Current centres are:

  • Narec: Offshore Renewable Energy, wind, wave and tidal power. NarecWikipedia-W.svg, Website
  • Nov.05.2019: Firms linked to Innovate UK chiefs win millions in taxpayer grants. Companies whose owners worked with Innovate UK, an agency set up to advise and fund business research and development projects, have received nearly £1m since 2008. A further £8.3m was paid to companies where a director worked with Innovate UK over the same period. George Greenwood, Adele Kufour, The Times.
Knowledge Transfer Network Ltd
Dept-for-BEIS-UKRI-Innovate UK-KTN.svg
Knowledge Transfer Network is Innovate UK’s network partner, with a mission to "promote innovation within the UK". KTN also provides innovation networking for other funders (Innovate UK, Govt Departments, the EU, and business) in line with its mission to drive UK growth.

Established in Apr.2014 from 14 separate KTNs, KTN is core-funded by direct grants from Innovate UK; the agreement for 2019/22 has been signed, with £14.5m allocated for Apr.2019-Mar.2020.AR-Jun.2018, p.12 The filings at Companies House do not disclose either the company's members, nor their remuneration.

KTN Projects
Dept-for-BEIS-UKRI-Innovate UK-KTN-UKCPN.svg
The UK Circular Plastics Network runs events and activities to bring together the diverse users of plastic products and realise the best means for reducing plastic waste.

Advisory Non-Departmental Public Bodies

Committee on Fuel Poverty

The Committee on Fuel Poverty (CFP) is an advisory non-departmental public body, sponsored by the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy. Its role is to advise on the effectiveness of policies aimed at reducing fuel poverty, and encourage greater co-ordination across the organisations working to reduce fuel poverty.

Committee on Radioactive Waste Management

Council for Science and Technology

The CST advises the Prime Minister on science and technology policy issues which cut across the responsibilities of govt departments. The council is supported by a secretariat based in the #Government Office for Science.
  • Mar.14.2014: GM crops: UK scientists call for new trials. David Cameron asked the CST for the latest evidence on the risks and benefits of GM technologies in agriculture, and for advice on UK and EU regulation. The CST commissioned a group of leading plant scientists from Rothamsted Research, The Sainsbury Laboratory and Cambridge University to make recommendations. The scientists say they are being held back by strict EU regulations. The CST report argues GM crops have now been shown to be safe - and may be necessary in future for Britain to grow its own food supply, rather than depending on imports. The CST report argues GM crops have now been shown to be safe - and may be necessary in future for Britain to grow its own food supply, rather than depending on imports. The report was welcomed by the Agricultural Biotechnology Council. The John Innes Centre, one of the creators of GM purple tomatoes, said changing regulations would help scientists make progress with genetically modified varieties that benefit society. Environment Secretary Owen Paterson has spoken in favour of increasing UK research into GM. James Morgan, BBC News.

Industrial Development Advisory Board

Land Registration Rule Committee

Low Pay Commission

Nuclear Liabilities Financing Assurance Board

Regulatory Policy Committee

Tribunal Non-Departmental Public Bodies

Central Arbitration Committee

Competition Appeal Tribunal

Copyright Tribunal

Public Corporations

Ordnance Survey

Ordnance Survey Ltd is a national mapping agency in the UK which covers the island of Great Britain.[1] It produces Britain's most detailed maps. Since Apr.01.2015, it has operated as Ordnance Survey Ltd, a government-owned company, 100% in public ownership. The Ordnance Survey Board remains accountable to the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy. It wass a member of the Public Data Group (now defunct); its functions were integrated into a newly formed BEIS board following its final meeting in Apr.2015. (WP)

Other Bodies

British Business Bank plc

The British Business Bank is a govt-owned financial institution set up to support economic growth by making finance markets work better for smaller businesses in the UK.

It uses funding and guarantees backed by the govt to bring more private sector resources into small business lending and investment. Smaller businesses don’t obtain finance directly from the British Business Bank – it makes its impact from generating more activity by the private sector.
Its commercial arm, British Business Bank Investments Ltd, aims to earn a commercial return by investing debt and equity into providers of finance to smaller businesses and small mid-caps on a fully commercial basis, without receiving any advantage from the govt. ref

ToDo: Guide (2016), Structure diagram: Corporate structure >> img

British Business Investments Ltd

British Business Investments is the trading name of British Business Investments Ltd, a wholly-owned commercial subsidiary of British Business Bank plc, registered office at Steel City House, West Street, Sheffield, S1 2GQ. It is not authorised or regulated by the Prudential Regulation Authority nor the Financial Conduct Authority.

British Business Bank plc and its subsidiary entities are not banking institutions and do not operate as such. A complete legal structure chart for British Business Bank plc and its subsidiaries can be found on the British Business Bank plc website.

ToDo: AR-2017

Post Office

Postal Services Holding Company Ltd was liquidated Jun.2017, CH, ref All shares that PSHC Ltd held in Post Office Ltd were transferred to direct ownership of the Secretary of State for BEIS.

  • Post Office Ltd, CH. PSC is Sec of State for BEIS. Post Office Ltd is an appointed representative of Post Office Management Services Ltd.
    • Post Office Management Services Ltd, CH, authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. Principal activity is general and life insurance intermediation. Wholly owned subsidiary of Post Office Ltd.
  • Mar.2016: Postal Services Holding Company Ltd no longer held any investment in Royal Mail plc; dividend income from its 29.99% shareholding in 2016/17 was £22m. All shareholdings were disposed of during the year; generated £1.3bn in sale proceeds. All the dosh was transferred to HM Govt. AR-2016

Certification Officer

The Certification Officer is responsible for statutory functions relating to trade unions and employers’ associations.

Financial Reporting Council

The Financial Reporting Council is an regulator in the UK and Ireland, responsible for regulating auditors, accountants and actuaries, and setting the UK's Corporate Governance and Stewardship Codes.
See main article: Financial Reporting Council

Government Office for Science

GO-Science advises the Prime Minister and members of the Cabinet, to ensure that govt policies and decisions are informed by the best scientific evidence and strategic long-term thinking.


Foresight projects last about 12 months. Project teams work with government departments, experts and academics to identify where new or emerging science can inform policy. There are certain criteria for selecting suitable topics for Foresight projects.ref

Groceries Code Adjudicator

The Groceries Code Adjudicator is the independent regulator ensuring that regulated retailers treat their direct suppliers lawfully and fairly.
... It it is hobbled by the fact that its remit only applies to direct suppliers to supermarkets. Suppliers subjected to unfair purchasing practices will often simply pass the costs onto their own suppliers, who have no one to complain to.,

Independent Complaints Reviewer

Office of Manpower Economics

Armed Forces’ Pay Review Body Forty-Seventh Report: 2018,

Office of the Regulator of Community Interest Companies

Oil and Gas Authority


Offshore Petroleum Regulator for Environment and Decommissioning "will soon be incorporated into".ref No further information available as of Feb.2019.
The Oil and Gas Environment and Decommissioning (OGED) unit will soon announce a change in name to the Offshore Petroleum Regulator for Environment and Decommissioning (OPRED). A formal announcement to industry will follow in due course.(Feb.03.2017)ref

Low Carbon Contracts Company Ltd

The Low Carbon Contracts Company is a private limited companies owned by the Secretary of State for BEIS and established to play key roles in the delivery of Electricity Market Reform (EMR), the biggest change to the electricity market since privatisation.

Electricity Settlements Company Ltd

The Electricity Settlements Company is a private limited companies owned by the Secretary of State for BEIS and established to play a key role in the delivery of Electricity Market Reform (EMR), the biggest change to the electricity market since privatisation.,,,

Pubs Code Adjudicator

The Pubs Code Adjudicator is responsible for enforcing the statutory Pubs Code. The Pubs Code regulates the relationship between all pub companies owning 500 or more tied pubs in England and Wales and their tied tenants.

Funding Programmes

See also Govt funding programmes

Regional Growth Fund

The Regional Growth Fund (RGF) was created in June 2010 with the intention of promoting the private sector in areas in England most at risk to public sector cuts by providing financial support for private enterprises to leverage additional funding and create sustainable jobs. It has supported eligible projects and programmes raising private sector investment to create economic growth and lasting employment. See also Regional Growth Fund. website page

Exceptional Regional Growth Fund

Ministers reserve the option to use the eRGF funding to respond quickly to significant economic shocks or exceptional bids that present an opportunity to secure internationally mobile investment. website page


  • Aug.19.2018: Watchdog wrecked public trust, says auditing giant BDO. The accounting watchdog the Financial Reporting Council has not been an effective regulator and has “done much to undermine public confidence and trust” in the industry, according to a highly critical document drawn up by BDO, Britain’s fifth-biggest audit firm. BDO says the FRC needs “to radically overhaul its procedures” and should be split into two bodies focused, separately, on standard setting and regulation. BDO’s recommendations are made in its submission to an inquiry into the FRC’s future led by Sir John Kingman, chairman of Legal & General. The FRC has been heavily criticised for its handling of several scandals, including the collapse of the outsourcer Carillion. BDO also points out that the FRC’s regulatory powers do not extend to company executives who are not accountants. Ben Laurance, The Times.
  • Feb.06.2018: InnovateUK doesn't think innovation is a normal part of your daily job. Being as Innovation can be important for the public good, the govt thinks there should be more of it, and have funded an organization called § Innovate UK staffed by people who have no clue and exactly zero intellectual curiosity as to what innovation is and what are the causes of innovation. InnovateUK has a lot of money. Who are they going to give it to? Well, there are entire industries who are very innovative at extracting free money from suckers by spinning ridiculous stories. If InnovateUK cared about what they were doing, they would instead be searching for ways in which their processes are catastrophically failing and investigating their dire institutional shortcomings – no matter how amazing and shiny things look on the surface. This is how improvement is made, and how innovation happens — when organisations are hungry for knowledge about what isn't working. Because that is exactly where improvements can be made. Julian Todd, Freesteel Blog.


<tr id="BIS"> <tr id="DECC"> <tr id="DIUS"> <tr id="BERR"> <tr id="DoE"> <tr id="DTI"> <tr id="MinTech"> <tr id="BoT">
Conservatives (May)
BEIS: Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy was formed by the merger of DECC with BIS. Responsible for business, industrial strategy, science and innovation, energy, and climate change policy.
Jun.2009 BIS: the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills was created by the merger of DIUS and BERR.ref,ref
Oct.2008 DECC: the Department of Energy & Climate Change was created to take over the energy-related functions of BERR, and the climate change functions of DEFRA.
DIUS: the Department for Innovation, Universities & Skills was created to take over the DTI's science and innovation functions, plus the innovation and skills functions of the Department of Education and Skills (DES).
Labour (Brown)
BERR: the Department for Business, Enterprise & Regulatory Reform was created on the disbanding of the DTI.
Conservatives (Major)
the Department of Energy was abolished, following the privatisation of the energy industries, which had begun some ten years earlier. Core activities relating to Energy Policy were transferred back to the Department of Trade & Industry. Many functions were abandoned, with the remainder being absorbed into other bodies or departments.ref,ref
Jan.1974DoE: Department of Energy was created to take over the DTI's responsibilities for energy production. The DoE became a significant source of funding for energy research, and for investigations into the potential for renewable energy technologies.
Conservatives (Heath)
DTI: the Department of Trade & Industry was formed by the merger of the Board of Trade and the Ministry of Technology. See also Department of Trade and Industry (United Kingdom)Wikipedia-W.svg, and
Labour (Wilson)
MinTech: the Ministry of Technology was formed "to guide and stimulate a major national effort to bring advanced technology and new processes into industry". See Ministry of TechnologyWikipedia-W.svg
Liberals (Palmerston)
Board of Trade, see Board of Trade § Reestablishment and modern historyWikipedia-W.svg

Department of Energy & Climate Change

  • Department of Energy and Climate ChangeWikipedia-W.svg
  • Jul.2016: The Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) became part of the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy.
  • 2012-13: DECC spent 69% of its budget through the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority. The costs of nuclear decommissioning are expected to increase when the last of the UK's Magnox reactors are shut down and no longer produce an income.
  • Jul.2009: DECC released a major White Paper, setting out its purpose and plans. The majority of its budget was to be spent on managing historic nuclear sites.


  1. ^ The Companies We Keep. What the UK's open data register actually tells us about company ownership. Global Witness, Jul.2018.
  2. ^ New vaccines centre to protect UK from pandemic threats. The UK’s first dedicated Vaccines Manufacturing Innovation Centre represents a major commercial opportunity, and a new front line in the nation’s defence against global pandemic threats. University of Oford, Dec.03.2018.